Ielts Reading Recent Actual Tests Vol 1

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    Kiến thức là một đại dương mênh mông không có bến bờ. Trên hành trình ôn luyện tấm bằng IELTS, bạn chỉ đang được trải nghiệm một phần của ngôn ngữ. Bởi ngôn ngữ như một “tảng băng chìm” mà những gì ta được tiếp xúc chỉ là 3 phần trên bề mặt nước ấy. Ngôn ngữ không chỉ là những con chữ trên bảng chữ cái được ghép lại với nhau, đó còn là thanh âm, là giọng nói, văn hoá… Vì vậy, hành trình học IELTS chưa bao giờ dễ dàng bởi người học cần chinh phục cả ngữ pháp và kỹ năng sử dụng thành thạo Tiếng Anh.

    Giới thiệu chung

    • Tên: IELTS Recent Actual Tests
    • NXB: New Channel International Education Group
    • Nội dung: Mỗi quyển cung cấp các đề thi thật được chọn lọc, đề sát thi thật giúp bạn luyện đề
    • Đánh giá: Sách luyện đề khá khó, phù hợp cho học viên có trình độ từ 6.0 IELTS trở lên

    IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests là cuốn sách must-have cho bất cứ ai nhắm tới band 6.0+ IELTS. Đây được xem là bộ sách duy nhất tổng hợp các đề thi thật IELTS từ trước tới nay.

    Thông tin bộ sách IELTS Recent Actual Tests

    Bộ sách IELTS Recent Actual Tests gồm các đề thi thật trong kỳ thi IELTS chính thức được tổng hợp theo từng năm và phân chia theo kỹ năng. Mỗi kỹ năng bao gồm các cuốn sách riêng, tạo điều kiện cho các học viên rèn luyện kỹ năng một cách thành thạo.

    Bộ sách được dùng cho ai?

    Bộ sách này phù hợp với những người học đã ở band 6.0+ khi làm thử các đề thi trong Cambridge IELTS tests và đang bước vào giai đoạn luyện đề để chuẩn bị thi IELTS.

    Bên cạnh đó, bộ đề IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests cũng rất hữu dụng cho các sĩ tử sắp bước vào kỳ thi IELTS chính thức. Việc giải bộ đề này sẽ giúp các bạn tiếp cận gần hơn với mức độ đề thi và rèn luyện cho bản thân sự tự tin, tâm lý vững vàng khi tham gia kỳ thi thật.

    Bố cục bộ sách IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests vol 1- 6

    Hiện tại bộ sách IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests đang có 6 cuốn tương đương với Vol 1, Vol 2, Vol 3, Vol 4, Vol 5 và Vol 6. Mỗi cuốn có 8 đề thi vì thế với 6 cuốn, các bạn sẽ có 48 đề để làm bài. Các bài thi đầy đủ và tương đương đề thi thật nên vừa giúp bạn làm quen cấu trúc đề thi vừa giúp bạn luyện đề, bắt nhịp bài làm.

    Bộ sách này là tổng hợp đề được Hội đồng IDP và Hội đồng Anh (BC) cung cấp. Các bài đọc sẽ cung cấp cho bạn các kỹ năng làm bài như Multiple Choice, Matching Heading,…

    Ở phía cuối sách là phần Key Answer là phần đáp án giúp bạn check đáp án. Bạn nên phân chia thời gian ra làm đề kết hợp luyện đồng thời cả 4 kỹ năng sẽ giúp bạn không nhàm chán khi luyện đề. Mỗi đề Reading bạn nên làm hai lần, khi học bạn sẽ nhớ được một lượng từ vựng đáng kể.

    Ưu điểm và nhược điểm của bộ sách IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests vol 1- 6

    Ưu điểm

    • Cuốn sách IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests tổng hợp những đề thi thật và được update liên tục.
    • Cuốn sách được trình bày rõ ràng với thiết kế khổ to và phông chữ rõ nét.
    • Phần đáp án của sách có kèm theo giải thích chi tiết giúp các học viên tiết kiệm thời gian và nâng cao hiệu suất giải đề.

    Nhược điểm

    • Độ khó không ổn định nên chưa đánh giá chính xác được band điểm của thí sinh.
    • Một nhược điểm nữa của cuốn sách này là đáp án của một số đề còn gây tranh cãi nên người học sẽ không chấm được chính xác band điểm của bản thân.

    Sử dụng IELTS Reading Recent Actual Tests thế nào cho hiệu quả?

    • Người học có thể tách ra luyện từng dạng trước, hoặc làm luôn cả đề để biết band điểm của mình. Tuy nhiên bạn chỉ nên làm đề Reading Recent Actual Tests khi đã luyện hết các dạng bài IELTS Reading.
    • Khi làm đề hãy chuẩn bị sẵn mẫu giấy điền đáp án và bút chì như khi thi thật, ngoài ra hãy bấm giờ để làm quen với áp lực về thời gian.
    • Sau khi làm xong hãy check lại đáp án cẩn thận. Khâu check lại có thể sẽ lâu hơn gấp đôi, gấp 3 lần so với khâu giải đề, nhưng rất quan trọng. Vì việc check đề là cách tốt nhất để người học hiểu rõ khả năng của bản thân, các lỗi sai thường gặp phải từ đó có kế hoạch ôn luyện tốt nhất cho bản thân.

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  • 14/12/2019

    Task 1: Map

    Task 2: Some people think that children should begin their education at a very early age. Some think they should begin at at least 7 years old. Discuss both views and give your own opinion

    12/12/2019

    Task 1: Process

    Task 2: A few languages are increasingly spoken in different countries, while the use of others is rapidly declining. Is it a positive or negative development?

    07/12/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart

    30/11/2019

    • Task 1: Mixed
    • Task 2: People think that countries should produce foods their population eats and import less food as much as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    23/11/2019

    • Task 1: Maps
    • Task 2: Many young people now know more about international pop and movie stars than famous people in the history of their countries.

      What are the causes? Give solutions to increase the number of people to know about famous people in history

    16/11/2019

    • Task 1: Line graph

    07/11/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • Task 2: In many countries, imprisonment is the most common solution to crimes. However, some people believe that better education will be a more effective solution.

      To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    02/11/2019

    • Task 1: Line graph
    • Task 2: People often think about creating an ideal society, but most of the times fail in making this chúng tôi is your opinion about an ideal societyHow can we create an ideal society?

    26/10/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Although more and more people read the news on the Internet, newspapers will remain the most important source of news for the majority of people. Do you agree or disagree?

    19/10/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • Task 2: Many people are now spending more and more time travelling to work or school. Some people believe that this is a negative development while others think there are some benefits.Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    12/10/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • Task 2: Some people say that it is necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for human use. Others, however, think it is cruel and unnecessary.Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

    10/10/2019

    • Task 1: Pie chart

    28/09/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas, are the main source for many countries. However, some nations are using alternative energy such as solar power and wind chúng tôi you think this is a positive or negative development?

    14/09/2019

    • Task 1: Mixed
    • Task 2: Some people say cultural traditions are destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others say this is the only way to save such traditions.Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    12/09/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: The availability of entertainment such as video games on handheld devices is harmful to inpiduals and to the society they live in. To what extent do you agree and disagree?

    07/09/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. What are the causes of this? What can be done to solve this problem?

    24/08/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: To what extent do you agree or disagree?

      Environmental protection should be the responsibility of politicians, not inpiduals as inpiduals can do too little.

    17/08/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Discuss both views and give your opinion.

      Some people feel that manufacturers and supermarkets have the responsibility to reduce the amount of packaging of goods. Others argue that customers should avoid buying goods with a lot of packaging.

    10/08/2019

    • Task 1: Process
    • Task 2: Some people think that zoos are all cruel and should be closed down. Others however believe that zoos can be useful in protecting wild animals. Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion.

    01/08/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: In many countries, the costs of living are rising. What are the effects on inpiduals and society? Suggest solutions to this problem.

    27/07/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Students should be taught academic knowledge so that they can pass exams, and skills such as cooking or dressing should not be taught. To what extent do you agree/disagree?

    20/07/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Nowadays, there is a trend that media reports focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive development. Some people think it is harmful to inpiduals and to society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    18/07/2019

    • Task 1: Line Graph
    • Task 2: It is said that people who read books for pleasure have better imagination and language skills than people who watch TV. Do you agree or disagree?

    06/07/2019

    • Task 1: Bart charts

    Livestream giải đề 06/07 29/06/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people think that sending criminals to prison is not effective. Education and job training should be used instead. Do you agree or disagree?

    22/06/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists but not local people. Why is it the case? What can be done to attract more local people to visit these places?

    13/06/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: In many nations, people in huge cities either live alone or in small family units, instead of in large, extended family groups. Is this a positive or negative trend?

    01/06/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourism industries. Why is this the case? Is it a positive development?

    23/05/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts

    18/05/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts

    11/05/2019

    • Task 1: Line Graph
    • Task 2: Many employers find that their new employees lack sufficient interpersional skills such as lack of ability to work with colleagues as a team. What are the causes? Can you suggest some possible solutions?

    04/05/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: These days, a great number of children pfer spending time on computer games rather than on sports. Why is it? Is it a positive or negative development?

    27/04/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people believe that planning for the future is a waste of time because they think that focusing on the psent is more important. To what extent agree or disagree?

    25/04/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: In many nations, people in huge cities either live alone or in small family units, instead of in large, extended family groups. Is this a positive or negative trend?

    13/04/2019

    • Task 1: Map

    06/04/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Nowadays, people have little awareness of the importance of the natural world. What are the reasons and how can people learn more about the natural world?

    23/03/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: In the future, it is expected that there will be higher proportion of older people in some countries. Is this positive or negative development?

    14/03/2019

    • Task 1: Process

    09/03/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people think movies should only be for entertainment. Others think that they should also have educational values. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    02/03/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: The world of work is rapidly changing and employees cannot depend on having the same job or the same working conditions for life. Why is it the case? Can you suggest some ways to ppare people to work in the future?

    23/02/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: More and more people want to buy clothes, cars and other products from well-known brands. What are the reasons? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

    14/02/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will be no longer necessary because people can see historical objects and works of art by using a computer. Do you agree or disagree?

    09/02/2019

    • Task 1: Line graph
    • Task 2: In most successful companies, some people think that communication between employers and workers is the most important factor, other people say that other factors are more important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    02/02/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: More and more people want to buy clothes, cars and other products from well-known brands. What are the reasons? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

    19/01/2019

    • Task 1: Pie chart
    • Task 2: Some people think that newspapers are the best way to get news. However, others believe that they can get news better through another media platform. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    17/01/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people think that the best way to improve road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving a car or motorbike. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    12/01/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: The best way to ensure the growth of children is to make parents take parenting courses. Do you agree or disagree?

    05/01/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: In the modern world, it is no longer necessary to use animals as food or other products, such as medicines and clothing. Do you agree or disagree?

    Tải IELTS Writing 2022 Review: Tại đây

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  • Ielts Writing Recent Actual Test 2022 – Tổng Hợp Đề Thi Ielts Writing 2022

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  •  

    Download IELTS Writing 2022 Review – Giải đề IELTS Writing 2022 ở cuối trang

    Tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Writing 2022 cập nhật nhanh và chính xác giúp sĩ tử luyện thi IELTS nắm bắt được xu hướng và độ khó của đề thi IELTS.

    Tháng 12

    14/12/2019

    Task 1: Map

    Task 2: Some people think that children should begin their education at a very early age. Some think they should begin at at least 7 years old. Discuss both views and give your own opinion

    12/12/2019

    Task 1: Process

    Task 2: A few languages are increasingly spoken in different countries, while the use of others is rapidly declining. Is it a positive or negative development?

    07/12/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    Tháng 11

    30/11/2019

    • Task 1: Mixed
    • Task 2: People think that countries should produce foods their population eats and import less food as much as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    23/11/2019

    • Task 1: Maps
    • Task 2: Many young people now know more about international pop and movie stars than famous people in the history of their countries.

      What are the causes? Give solutions to increase the number of people to know about famous people in history

    16/11/2019

    • Task 1: Line graph

    07/11/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • Task 2: In many countries, imprisonment is the most common solution to crimes. However, some people believe that better education will be a more effective solution.

      To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    02/11/2019

    • Task 1: Line graph
    • Task 2: People often think about creating an ideal society, but most of the times fail in making this chúng tôi is your opinion about an ideal societyHow can we create an ideal society?

    Tháng 10

    26/10/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Although more and more people read the news on the Internet, newspapers will remain the most important source of news for the majority of people. Do you agree or disagree?

    19/10/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • Task 2: Many people are now spending more and more time travelling to work or school. Some people believe that this is a negative development while others think there are some benefits.Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    12/10/2019

    • Task 1: Bar chart
    • Task 2: Some people say that it is necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for human use. Others, however, think it is cruel and unnecessary.Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

    10/10/2019

    • Task 1: Pie chart

    Tháng 9

    28/09/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas, are the main source for many countries. However, some nations are using alternative energy such as solar power and wind chúng tôi you think this is a positive or negative development?

    14/09/2019

    • Task 1: Mixed
    • Task 2: Some people say cultural traditions are destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others say this is the only way to save such traditions.Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    12/09/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: The availability of entertainment such as video games on handheld devices is harmful to inpiduals and to the society they live in. To what extent do you agree and disagree?

    07/09/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. What are the causes of this? What can be done to solve this problem?

    Tháng 8

    24/08/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: To what extent do you agree or disagree?

      Environmental protection should be the responsibility of politicians, not inpiduals as inpiduals can do too little.

    17/08/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Discuss both views and give your opinion.

      Some people feel that manufacturers and supermarkets have the responsibility to reduce the amount of packaging of goods. Others argue that customers should avoid buying goods with a lot of packaging.

    10/08/2019

    • Task 1: Process
    • Task 2: Some people think that zoos are all cruel and should be closed down. Others however believe that zoos can be useful in protecting wild animals. Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion.

    01/08/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: In many countries, the costs of living are rising. What are the effects on inpiduals and society? Suggest solutions to this problem.

    Tháng 7

    27/07/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Students should be taught academic knowledge so that they can pass exams, and skills such as cooking or dressing should not be taught. To what extent do you agree/disagree?

    20/07/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Nowadays, there is a trend that media reports focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive development. Some people think it is harmful to inpiduals and to society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    18/07/2019

    • Task 1: Line Graph
    • Task 2: It is said that people who read books for pleasure have better imagination and language skills than people who watch TV. Do you agree or disagree?

    06/07/2019

    • Task 1: Bart charts

    Livestream giải đề 06/07

    Tháng 6

    29/06/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people think that sending criminals to prison is not effective. Education and job training should be used instead. Do you agree or disagree?

    22/06/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists but not local people. Why is it the case? What can be done to attract more local people to visit these places?

    13/06/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: In many nations, people in huge cities either live alone or in small family units, instead of in large, extended family groups.  Is this a positive or negative trend?

    01/06/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourism industries. Why is this the case? Is it a positive development?

    Tháng 5

    23/05/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts

    18/05/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts

    11/05/2019

    • Task 1: Line Graph
    • Task 2: Many employers find that their new employees lack sufficient interpersional skills such as lack of ability to work with colleagues as a team. What are the causes? Can you suggest some possible solutions?

    04/05/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: These days, a great number of children pfer spending time on computer games rather than on sports. Why is it? Is it a positive or negative development?

    Tháng 4

    27/04/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people believe that planning for the future is a waste of time because they think that focusing on the psent is more important. To what extent agree or disagree?

    25/04/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: In many nations, people in huge cities either live alone or in small family units, instead of in large, extended family groups.  Is this a positive or negative trend?

    13/04/2019

    • Task 1: Map

    06/04/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Nowadays, people have little awareness of the importance of the natural world. What are the reasons and how can people learn more about the natural world?

    Tháng 3

    23/03/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: In the future, it is expected that there will be higher proportion of older people in some countries. Is this positive or negative development?

    14/03/2019

    • Task 1: Process

    09/03/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people think movies should only be for entertainment. Others think that they should also have educational values. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    02/03/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: The world of work is rapidly changing and employees cannot depend on having the same job or the same working conditions for life. Why is it the case? Can you suggest some ways to ppare people to work in the future?

    Tháng 2

    23/02/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: More and more people want to buy clothes, cars and other products from well-known brands.  What are the reasons?  Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

    14/02/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will be no longer necessary because people can see historical objects and works of art by using a computer. Do you agree or disagree?

    09/02/2019

    • Task 1: Line graph
    • Task 2: In most successful companies, some people think that communication between employers and workers is the most important factor, other people say that other factors are more important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    02/02/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: More and more people want to buy clothes, cars and other products from well-known brands.  What are the reasons?  Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

    Tháng 1

    19/01/2019

    • Task 1: Pie chart
    • Task 2: Some people think that newspapers are the best way to get news. However, others believe that they can get news better through another media platform. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    17/01/2019

    • Task 1: Bar charts
    • Task 2: Some people think that the best way to improve road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving a car or motorbike. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    12/01/2019

    • Task 1: Table
    • Task 2: The best way to ensure the growth of children is to make parents take parenting courses. Do you agree or disagree?

    05/01/2019

    • Task 1: Map
    • Task 2: In the modern world, it is no longer necessary to use animals as food or other products, such as medicines and clothing. Do you agree or disagree?

     

    Tải IELTS Writing 2022 Review: Tại đây

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  • Tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Writing 2022.

    Tháng 1

    6/1/2018

    Task 1: Line grapgh: The graph below shows the number of enquiries received by the Tourist Information Office in one city over a six-month period in 2011.

    Task 2: Some people think that it is more beneficial to take part in sports which are played in teams, like football, while other people think that taking part in inpidual sports, like tennis or swimming, is better. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

    Band 8 Sample

    10/3/2018

    Task 1: The table shows the amount of money given to developing countries by the USA, EU countries and other countries from 2006 to 2010.  (Figures are in millions of dollars).

    Task 2: When designing a building, the most important factor is intended use of the building rather than its outward appearance. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    Band 8 Sample

    15/3/2018

    Task 1: Bar chart: The chart shows the proportion of people in a UK survey carried out in three different years who said they were interested in certain sports.

    Task 2: Some people believe that it is more important to teach children the literature of their own country than other countries. Do you agree or disagree?

    Band 8 Sample

    24/3/2018

    Task 1 : Pie chart: The charts below show the percentage of people aged 23-65 in different occupations in one UK town (Ashby) and in the UK as a whole in 2008.

    Task 2 : Museums and art galleries should concentrate on works that show history and culture of their own country rather than works of the other parts in the world. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    Tháng 4

    7/4/2018

    Task 1: Line: The chart below shows the average cost of monthly contract for four different mobile (Cell) phones in a European country from January to September 2002, measured in euro.

    Task 2: Some people think the government funding should not be used for supporting art and culture, while others think supporting cultural activities may be beneficial for the population and the culture. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

    14/4/2018

    Task 1: Mixed (Bar & Table).

    Band 8 Sample

    12/5/2018

    Task 1: The line graph below gives information about the percentage of women aged 15-64 in employment between 2003 and 2009.

    Task 2: Some people think that a huge amount of time and money is spent on the protection of wild animals, and that this money could be better spent on the human population. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

    19/5/2018

    Task 1: Mixed (Table & Line):  The table and graph below give information about cinema attendance in Australia between 1994 and 2002

    Task 2: The range of technology available to people is increasing the gap between the rich and the poor. Others think it has an opposite effect. Discuss both views and give your opinions.

    24/5/2018

    Task 1: Pie chart.

    Task 2: The media should include more stories which report good news. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    Band 8 Sample

    9/6/2018

    Task 1: Bar chart: The charts below show the number of magazines sold per person in five countries in 2000 and 2010, with projected sales for 2022.

    Task 2: Traffic and housing problems could be solved by moving large companies, factories and their employees to the countryside. Do you agree or disagree?

    Band 8 Sample Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. Others, however, believe that there are better alternative ways of reducing crime. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

    Task 2:

    Task 1: Process: How cold water is collected.

    Task 2: Competitiveness is a positive quality for people in most societies. How does competitiveness affect inpiduals? Is it a positive or negative trend?

    29/09/2018

    Task 1: Process  (glass recycling).

    Tháng 10

    11/10/2018

    Task 1: Bar chart.

    Task 2: Inpiduals can do nothing to improve the environment; only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    13/10/2018

    Task 1: Bar chart.

    Task 2: Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists but not local people. Why is this the case and what can be done to attract more local people to visit these places?

    20/10/2018.

    Task 1: Mixed (Table and Bar).

    Task 2: In recent years, the family structure has changed, as well as family roles. What are the changes occurring? Do you think these changes are positive or negative?

    27/10/2018.

    Task 1: Two table.

    Task 2: (Uncomfirmed) Sport is becoming a business with high income for professionals and more companies have involved in financial and in other ways. it is a positive or negative development?

    Tháng 11

    1/11/2018.

    Task 1: Bart charts.

    Task 2: Cycling is healthier and environmentally friendly form of transport. Nevertheless, cycling is getting less popular . What are the reasons of this trend? What can be done to make cycling more popular?

    3/11/2018.

    Task 1: Line

    Task 2: There are more workers to work from home and more students to study from home. This is because computer technology is more and more easily accessible and cheaper. Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

    10/11/2018.

    Task 1: Pie chart.

    Task 2: Some people think governments should spend money on faster means of public transport. However, others think money should be spent on other priorities (eg cost, environment)

    17/11/2018.

    Task 1: Line graph

    Task 2: Nowadays, there is a trend that reports of media focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive development. Some people think it is harmful to inpiduals and to society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

    Tháng 12

    1/12/2018:

    Task 1: Bar chart

    Task 2: Some people think that it is more effective for students to study in a group while others believe that it is better for them to study alone. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

    8/12/2018:

    Task 1: Line

    Task 2: Most people try to balance between work and other part of lives. Unfortunately, not many achieve this balance. Problems and solutions

    13/12/2018: 

    Task 1: Bar chart

    Task 2: Some say that sports play an important role in society. Others think it is nothing more than a leisure activity

    China Mainland:

    15/12/2018:

    Task 1: Line (prices of different types of bread)

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  • * The Tudor time is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.

    Questions 1-5

    Refer to Reading Passage 334 “Sugar and Other Sweeteners“, and look at Questions 1 – 5 below.

    Write your answers in boxes 1-5 on your Answer Sheet.

    The first one has been done for you as an example.

    Example: What do the letters HFCS stand for?

    1 & 2. There are TWO naturally occurring sugar substances mentioned in the article other than sucrose. What are they?

    3. What does the food industry consider to be the perfect sweetener?

    4. & 5. Name the TWO most recent artificial sweeteners listed in Figure 1.

    The following paragraphs summarise the reading passage. Choose the ONE most appropriate word from the box below the paragraphs to complete each blank space.

    Write your answers in boxes 6- 15 on your answer sheet.

    The first one has been done for you as an example.

    NB. NO WORD CAN BE USED MORE THAN ONCE.

    Sugar tastes sweet because of thousands of receptors on the tongue which connect the substance with the brain. The taste of sweetness is universally ……(Ex:) accepted…… as the most pleasurable known, although it is a ……(6)…… why a substance tastes sweet. ……(7)….. is the most naturally occurring sugar, sources of which include ……(8)…… and honey. Sucrose, which supplies ……(9)…… to the body, is extracted from the sugar-cane plant, and white sugar (pure sucrose) is used by food ……(10)…… to measure sweetness in other ……(11)…… . Approximately a dozen artificial sweeteners have been ……(12)……; one of the earliest was Sorbitol from France.

    Manufacturers often add large amounts of sugar to foodstuffs but never more than the ……(13)…… required to produce the optimum pleasurable taste. Surprisingly, this amount is ……(14)…… for different people and in different cultures. No-one has yet discovered a way to pdict whether a substance will taste sweet, and it was by chance alone that all the man-made ……(15)…… sweeteners were found to be sweet.

    glucose sweetened different technology fructose

    mystery artificially technologists maximum commonly

    chemical best substances discovered accepted

    fruit chemist similar

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  • IELTS Cambridge 6 Test 3 Passage Reading Answers

    Reading Answers

    You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage below.

    The Lumière Brothers opened their Cinematographe, at 14 Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, to 100 paying customers over 100 years ago, on December 8, 1985. Before the eyes of the stunned, thrilled audience, photographs came to life and moved across a flat-screen.

    So ordinary and routine has this become to us that it takes a determined leap of imagination to grasp the impact of those first moving images. But it is worth trying, for to understand the initial shock of those images is to understand the extraordinary power and magic of cinema, the unique, hypnotic quality that has made films the most dynamic, effective art form of the 20th century.

    Early cinema audiences often experienced the same confusion. In time, the idea of films became familiar, the magic was accepted- but it never stopped being magic. The film has never lost its unique power to embrace its audience and transport them to a different world. For Tarkovsky, the key to that magic dynamic image of the real flow of events. A still picture could only imply the existence of time, while time in a novel passed at the whim of the reader. But in cinema, the real, objective flow of time was captured.

    One effect of this realism was to educate the world about itself. For cinema makes the world smaller. Long before people traveled to America or anywhere else, they knew what other places looked like; they knew how other people worked and lived. Overwhelmingly, the lives recorded at least in film fiction- have been American. From the earliest days of the industry, Hollywood has dominated the world film market. American imagery-the cars, the cities, the cowboys became the primary imagery of film. Film carried American life and values around the globe.

    And, thanks to film, future generations will know the 20-th century more intimately than any other period. We can only imagine what life was like in the 14th century or in classical Rome. But the life of the modern world has been recorded on film in massive encyclopedic detail. We shall be known better than any pceding generations.

    The ‘star’ was another natural consequence of cinema. The cinema star was effectively born in 1910. Film personalities have such an immediate psence that inevitably, they become super-real. Because we watch them so closely and because everybody in the world seems to know who they are, they appear more real to us than we do ourselves. The star as a magnified human self is one of cinema’s most strange and enduring legacies.

    Cinema has also given a new lease of life to the idea of the story. When the Lumiere Brothers and other pioneers began showing off this new invention, it was by no means obvious how it would be used. All that mattered at first was the wonder of movement. Indeed, some said that, once this novelty had worn off, cinema would fade away. It was no more than a passing gimmick, a fairground attraction.

    Cinema might, for example, have become primarily a documentary form. Or it might have developed like television -as a strange noisy transfer of music, information and narrative. But what happened was that it became, overwhelmingly, a medium for telling stories. Originally these were conceived as short stories- early producers doubted the ability of audiences to concentrate for more than the length of a reel. Then, in 1912, an Italian 2-hour film was hugely successful, and Hollywood settled upon the novel-length narrative that remains the dominant cinematic convention of today.

    Questions 1-5

    Reading Passage 1 has ten paragraphs, A-J. Which paragraph contains the following information?

    Write the correct letter, A-J in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

    1 the location of the first cinema

    2 how cinema come to focus on stories

    3 the speed with which cinema has changed

    4 how cinema touches us about other cultures 5 the attraction of actors in films

    Questions 6-9

    Do the following statements agree on witl1the the views of t11e writer in Reading Passage I?

    In boxes 6-9 on your c1nswer sheet, write:

    YES

    NO

    NOT GIVEN

    if the statement agrees with the views of the writer

    if the statement contradicts with the views of the writer

    if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

    6 It is important to understand how the first audiences reacted to the cinema.

    7 The Lumiere Brothers’ film about the train was one of the greatest filn1s ever mode.

    8 Cinema psents a bias0d view of other countries.

    9 Storylines were important in very early cinema.

    And it has all happened so quickly. Almost unbelievably, it is a mere 100 years since that train arrived and the audience screamed and fled, convinced by the dangerous reality of what they saw, and, perhaps, suddenly aware that the world could never be the same again -that, maybe, it could be better, brighter, more astonishing, more real than reality.Reading Passage 1 has ten paragraphs, A-J. Which paragraph contains the following information?Write the correct letter, A-J in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.1 the location of the first cinema2 how cinema come to focus on stories3 the speed with which cinema has changed4 how cinema touches us about other cultures 5 the attraction of actors in filmsDo the following statements agree on witl1the the views of t11e writer in Reading Passage I?In boxes 6-9 on your c1nswer sheet, write:if the statement agrees with the views of the writerif the statement contradicts with the views of the writerif it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this6 It is important to understand how the first audiences reacted to the cinema.7 The Lumiere Brothers’ film about the train was one of the greatest filn1s ever mode.8 Cinema psents a bias0d view of other countries.9 Storylines were important in very early cinema.

    Questions I0-13

    Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.

    Write the correct letter in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.

    10 The writer refers to the film on the train in order to demonstrate

    The simplicity of early films

    B the impact of early films

    C how short early films were

    Dhow imaginative early films were

    11In Tarkovsky’s opinion.t11e attract of the cinema is at it

    A aims to impss its audience 

    B tells stories better than books

    C illustrates t11e passing of t me

    D describes familiar events

    12 When the cinema first began. people thought t11at

    Ait would always tell toes

    Bit s11ould be used in fairgrounds

    Cits audiences were unappciative

    Dits future was uncertain

    13 what is the best title for the passage?

    A The rise of the cinema star

    B Cinema and novels compared

    C The dominant of Hollywood

    D The power of the big screen

    Motivating Employees under Adverse Condition The Challenge Reading Answers

    IELTS Cambridge 6 Test 3 Reading Answers

    Reading Answers

    You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage below

    Motivating Employees under Adverse Condition

    THE CHALLENGE

    It is a great deal easier to motivate employees in a growing organization than a declining one. When organizations are expanding and adding personnel, promotional opportunities, pay raises, and the excitement of being associated with a dynamic organization create Slings of optimism. Management is able to ta use the growth to entice and encourage employees. When an organization is shrinking, the best and most mobile workers are prone to leave voluntarily. Unfortunately, they are the ones the organization can least afford to lose- those with me the highest skills and experience. The minor employees remain because their job options are limited.

    Morale also surfers during the decline. People fear they may be the next to be made redundant. Productivity often suffers, as employees spend their time sharing rumors and providing one another with moral support rather than focusing on their jobs. For those whose jobs are secure, pay increases are rarely possible. Pay cuts, unheard of during times of growth, may even be imposed. The challenge to management is how to motivate employees under such retrenchment conditions. The ways of meeting this challenge can be broadly pided into six Key Points, which are outlined below.

    KEY POINT ONE

    There is an abundance of evidence to support the motivational benefits that result from carefully matching people to jobs. For example, if the job is running a small business or an autonomous unit within a larger business, high achievers should be sought. However, if the job to be filled is a managerial post in a large bureaucratic organization, a candidate who has a high need for power and a low need for affiliation should be selected. Accordingly, high achievers should not be put into jobs that are inconsistent with their needs. High achievers will do best when the job provides moderately challenging goals and where there are independence and feedback. However, it should be remembered that not everybody is motivated by jobs that are high in independence, variety, and responsibility.

    KEY POINT TWO

    KEY POINT THREE

    Regardless of whether goals are achievable or well within management’s perceptions of the employee’s ability, if employees see them as unachievable they will reduce their effort. Managers must be sure, therefore, that employees feel confident that their efforts can lead to performance goals. For managers, this means that employees must have the capability of doing the job and must regard the appraisal process as valid.

    KEY POINT FOUR

    Since employees have different needs, what acts as a reinforcement for one may not for another. Managers could use their knowledge of each employee to personalize the rewards over which they have control. Some of the more obvious rewards that managers allocate include pay, promotions, autonomy, job scope, and depth, and the opportunity to participate in goal-setting and decision-making.

    KEY POINT FIVE

    KEY POINT SIX

    Questions 14-18

    Reading Passage 2 contains six Key Points.

    Choose the correct heading for Key Points TWO to SIX from the list of headings below.

    Write the correct number i-viii in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet list of headings.

    i Ensure the reward system is fair

    ii Match rewords lo inpiduals

    iii Ensure targets ore realistically

    iv Link rewords to achievement

    v Encourage managers to take more responsibility

    vi Recognise changes in employees’ performance over time viiEstabishtargets and give feedback

    viii Ensure employees are suited to their jobs

    14 Koy Point Two

    15 Koy Point Three

    16 Kay Point FoLir

    17 Key Point Five

    18 Key Point Six

    Questions 19-24

    Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 2 Inboxes 19-24 on your answer sheet write:

    YES

    NO

    NOT GIVEN

    if t11e statement agrees with the claims the writer

    if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer

    if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

    19 A shrinking organization lends to lose its less-skilled employees rather than its more skilled

    employees.

    20 It is easier to n1anoge a small business than a large business.

    21 High achievers are well suited to teamwork.

    22 Some employees can feel manipulated when asked to participate in goal-setting.

    23 The staff appraisal process should be designed by employees.

    24 Employees’ earnings should be disclosed to everyone within the organization.

    Questions 25-27

    Look at the following groups of workers (Question2S-27) and the list of descriptions below.

    Match ec1chgroup with the correct description, A -E Write the correct letter, A-Ein boxes 25-27 on your answer sheet

    25 high achievers

    26 clerical workers

    27 product on workers

    List of descriptions

    A They judge promotion to bo important

    B They have less need for external goats

    C They think that the quality of their work is important 

    D They resist goals which are imposed

    E Thay have limited job options

    The Search for the Anti-aging Pill Reading Answers 

    Cambridge 6 Test 3 Reading Answers

    Reading Answers

    You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage below

    The Search for the Anti-aging Pill

    In government laboratories and elsewhere, scientists are seeking a drug able to prolong

    life and youthful vigor. Studies of caloric restriction are showing the way

    As researchers on aging noted recently, no treatment on the market today has been proved to slow human aging- the build-up of molecular and cellular damage that increases vulnerability to infirmity as we grow older. But one intervention, consumption of a low-calorie* yet nutritionally balanced diet, works incredibly well in a broad range of animals, increasing longevity and prolonging good health. Those findings suggest that caloric restriction could delay aging and increase longevity in humans, too.

    Unfortunately, for maximum benefit, people would probably have to reduce their caloric intake by roughly thirty percent, equivalent to dropping from 2,500 calories a day to 1, 750. Few mortals could stick to chat harsh a regimen, especially for years on end. But what if someone could create a pill that mimicked the physiological effects of eating less without actually forcing people to eat less? Could such a ‘caloric-restriction mimetic’, as we call it, enable people to stay healthy longer, postponing age-related disorders (such as diabetes, arteriosclerosis, heart disease, and cancer) until very lace in life? Scientists first posed this question in the mid-1990s, after researchers came upon a chemical agent that in rodents seemed to reproduce many of caloric restriction’s benefits. No compound that would safely achieve the same feat in people has been found yet, but the search has been informative and has fanned the hope that caloric-restriction (CR) mimetics can indeed be developed eventually.

    The benefits of caloric restriction

    The hunt for CR mimetics grew out of a desire to better understand caloric restriction’s many effects on the body. Scientists first recognized the value of the practice more than 60 years ago, when they found that rats fed a low-calorie diet lived longer on average than free-feeding rats and also had a reduced incidence of conditions that become increasingly common in old age. What is more, some of the treated animals survived longer than the oldest-living animals in the control group, which means that the maximum lifespan (the oldest attainable age), not merely the normal lifespan, increased. Various interventions, such as infection-fighting drugs, can increase a population’s average survival time, but only approaches chat slowly the body’s rate of aging will increase the maximum lifespan.

    The rat findings have been replicated many times and extended to creatures ranging from yeast to fruit flies, worms, fish, spiders, mice, and hamsters. Until fairly recently, the studies were limited short-lived creatures genetically distant from humans. But caloric-restriction projects underway in two species more closely related to humans- rhesus and squirrel monkeys- have scientists optimistic that CR mimetics could help people.

    calorie: a measure of the energy value of food.

    The monkey projects demonstrate that compared with control animals that eat normally. caloric-restricted monkeys have lower body temperatures and levels of the pancreatic hormone insulin, and they retain more youthful levels of certain hormones that tend to fall with age.

    The caloric-restricted animals also look better on indicators of risk for age-related diseases. For example, they have lower blood pssure and triglyceride levels(signifying a decreased likelihood of heart disease) and they have more normal blood glucose levels( pointing to a reduced risk for diabetes, which is marked by unusually high blood glucose levels). Further, it has recently been shown that rhesus monkeys kept on caloric-restricted diets for an extended time( nearly 15 years) have a less chronic disease. They and the other monkeys must be followed still longer, however, to know whether low-calorie intake can increase both average and maximum lifespans in monkeys. Unlike the multitude of elixirs being touted as the latest anti-aging cure, CR mimetics would alter fundamental processes that underlie aging. We aim to develop compounds that fool cells into activating maintenance and repair.

    How a prototype caloric-restriction mimetic works

    The best-studied candidate for a caloric-restriction mimetic, 2DG (2-deoxy-D-glucose), works by interfering with the way cells process glucose, it has proved toxic at some doses in animals and so cannot be used in humans. But it has demonstrated that chemicals can replicate the effects of caloric restriction; the trick is finding the right one.

    Cells use glucose from food to generate ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the molecule that powers many activities in the body. By limiting food intake, caloric restriction minimizes the amount of glucose entering cells and decreases ATP generation. When 2DG is administered to animals that eat normally, glucose reaches cells in abundance but the drug pvents most of it from being processed and thus reduces ATP synthesis. Researchers have proposed several explanations for why interruption of glucose processing and ATP production might retard aging. One possibility relates to the ATP-making machinery’s emission of free radicals, which are thought to contribute to aging and t such age-related diseases as cancer by damaging cells. Reduced operation of the machinery should limit their production and thereby constrain the damage. Another hypothesis suggests that decreased processing of glucose could indicate to cells that food is scarce( even if it isn’t) and induce them to shift into an anti-aging mode that emphasizes pservation of the organism over such ‘luxuries’ as growth and reproduction.

    Questions 28-32

    Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage 3? 

    Inboxes 28-32  on your answer sheet, write

    YES

    NO

    NOT GIVEN

    if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer

    if the statement contradicts the clo1ms of the writer

    if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

    28 Studies show drugs available today can delay the process of growing old.

    29 There is scientific evidence that eating fewer calories may extend human life.  

    30 Not many people are likely to find a caloric-restricted diet attractive.

    31Diet-related diseases ore is common in older people.

    32Inexperiments.rots who ote what they wonted led shorter lives than rots on a low-calorie diet

    Questions 33-37

    Classify the following descriptions os relating to

    A colone-restricted n1onkeys

    B controls on keys

    C neither caloric-restricted monkeys nor control monkeys

    33 Monkeys were less likely to become diabetic.

    34 Monkeys experienced more chronic disease.

    35 Monkeys l1ove been shown to experience o longer than overage life span. 

    36 Monkeys enjoyed o reduced chance of heart disease.

    37 Monkeys produced greater quantities of insulin.

    IELTS Cambridge 6 Test 3 Passage Reading Answers

    1. A

    2. I

    3. J

    4. E

    5. G

    6. yes

    7. not given

    8. not given

    9. no

    10. B

    11. C

    12. D

    13. D

    Question 1-5: 

    1. A (the whole para: ―The Lumiere Brothers opened their Cinematographe, at l4 Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, to 100 paying customers over 100 years ago, on December 8, 1895. Before the eyes oi the stunned, thrilled audience, photographs came to life and 

    moved across a flat screen‖) 

    2. I (line 5-14: ―narrative. But what happened was that it became, overwhelmingly, medium for telling stories. Originally these were conceived as short stories – early produces doubted the ability of the audience to concentrate for more than the length of a reel. Then, in I912, an Italian 2-hour film was hugely successful, and Hollywood settled the novel-length narrative that remains the dominant cinematic convention of today.‖) 

    3. J (line 2-9: ―unbelievably, it is a mere 100 years since that train arrived and the screamed and fled, convinced by the dangerous reality of what they saw, and perhaps, aware that the world never same again — that, maybe, it could be better brighter more astonishing, more real than reality‖) 

    4. E (first 6 lines: ―One effect of this realism was to educate the world about itself. For the cinema it makes the world smaller. Long before people traveled to America or anywhere else, they knew what other places looked like; they knew how other people worked lived‖) 

    5. G (lines 3-8: ―bon in 1910. Film personalities have such an immediate psence that inevitably, they become super-real. Because we watch them so closely and because everybody in the world seems to know who they are, they appear more real to us than do ourselves‖) 

    Question 6-9: 

    6. YES (para D, line 1-9: ―Early cinema audiences often experienced the same confusion. In time, the idea of the film became familiar, the magic was accepted – but it never stopped being magic. The film has never lost its unique power to embrace its audiences and transport them to a different world. For Tarkovsky, the key to that magic was the way in which 

    cinema created a dynamic image oi the real flow of events‖) 

    7. NOT GIVEN 

    8. NOT GIVEN 

    9. NO (para I, line 7-11: ―Originally these were conceived as short stories – early produces 

    doubted the ability of the audience to concentrate for more than the length of a reel.‖) 

    Question 10-13: 

    10. B (para C, line 9-17: ―the train approached,’ wrote Tarkovsky, ‘Panic started in the theatre: people jumped and ran away. That was the moment when Cinema was born. The frightened audience could not accept that they were watching a mere picture. Pictures were still, only reality move; this must, therefore, be a reality. In their confusion, they 

    feared that a real train about to crush them.‖) 

    11. C (para D, line 7-13: ―world. For Tarkovsky, the key to that magic was the way in which cinema created a dynamic image oi the real flow of events. A still picture could only imply the existence oi time, while time in a novel passed at the whim oi the reader. But in 

    cinema, the real, objective flow of time was captured.‖) 

    12. D (para H, last 4 lines: ―movement. Indeed, some said that, once this novelty had worn 

    off, the cinema would fade away. It was no more than a passing gimmick, a fairground 

    attraction‖) 

    13. D 

    Motivating Employees under Adverse Condition The Challenge Reading Answers

    IELTS Cambridge 6 Test 3 Reading Answers

    14. 7

    15. 3

    16. 2

    17. 4

    18. 1

    19. no

    20. not given

    21. no

    22. yes

    23. not given

    24. yes

    25. B

    26. C

    27. A

    Question 14-18: 

    14. vii (KEY POINT TWO, first 2 lines: ―The literature in goal-setting theory suggests that 

    how well they are doing in those goals‖) 

    15. iii (KEY POINT THREE, last 3 lines: ―Managers must be sure, therefore, that employees 

    feel confident that their efforts can lead to performance goals. For managers, this means that employees must have the capability oi doing the job and must regard the appraisal 

    the process as valid‖) 

    16. ii (KEY POINT FOUR, first 3 lines: ―Since employees have different needs, what acts as 

    a reinforcement for one may not for another. Managers could use their knowledge oi each 

    employee to personalize the rewards over which they have control.‖) 

    17. iv (KEY POINT FIVE, first 2 lines: ―Managers need to make rewards contingent on 

    performance. To reward factors other than performance will only reinforce those other 

    factors. Key rewards such as pay increases and‖) 

    18. i (KEY POINT SIX, first 2 lines: ―The way rewards are distributed should be transparent 

    so that employees perceive that rewards or outcomes are equitable and equal to the inputs 

    given. On a simplistic level‖) 

    Question 19-24:

     

    19. NO (THE CHALLENGE, part 1, last 4 lines: ―employees. When an organization is 

    shrinking, the best and most mobile workers are prone to leave voluntarily. Unfortunately, they are the ones the organization can least afford to lose – those with the highest skills and experience. The minor employees remain because their job options are 

    limited‖) 

    20. NOT GIVEN 

    21. NO (KEY POINT ONE, line 3-6: ―autonomous unit within a larger business, high 

    achievers should be sought. However, if the job to be filled is a managerial post in a large bureaucratic organization, a candidate who has a high need or power and a low need for affiliation should be selected Accordingly, high achievers should not be put into jobs that 

    are inconsistent with their needs‖) 

    22. YES (KEY POINT TWO, last 3 lines: ―the culture, however, goals should be assigned. If 

    participation and the culture are incongruous, employees are likely to perceive the 

    participation process as manipulative and l be negatively affected by it.‖) 

    23. NOT GIVEN 

    24. YES (KEY POINT FIVE, line 4-5: ―goals. Consistent with maximizing the impact oi 

    rewards, managers should look for ways to increase their visibility. Eliminating the 

    the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating‖) 

    Question 25-27: 

    25. B (KEY POINT TWO, line 3-4: ―those with high achievement needs, typically a minority 

    in any organization, the existence of external goals is less important because high 

    achievers are already internally motivated.‖) 

    26. C (KEY POINT SIX, line 7-9: ―production workers identified nearly twenty inputs and 

    outcomes. The clerical workers considered factors such as quality of work performed and job knowledge near the top of their list, but these were at the bottom of the production 

    workers’ list‖) 

    27. A (KEY POINT SIX, line 9-11: ―their list, but these were at the bottom of the production 

    workers’ list. Similarly, production workers thought that the most important inputs were intelligence and personal involvement with task accomplishment, two factors that were 

    quite low in the importance ratings of the clerks‖) 

    The Search for the Anti-aging Pill Reading Answers 

    IELTS Cambridge 6 Test 3 Reading Answers

    28. no

    29. yes

    30. yes

    31. not given 

    32. yes

    33. A

    34. B

    35. C

    36. A

    37. B

    38. glucose

    39. free radicals

    40. pservation

    Question 28-32: 

    28. NO (para 1, first 2 lines: ―As researchers on aging noted recently. no treatment on the 

    market today has been proved to slow human aging – the build-up of molecular and 

    cellular damage that increases vulnerability to‖) 

    29. YES (para 1, last 4 lines: ―infirmity as we grow older. But one intervention, consumption 

    of a low-calorie* yet nutritionally balanced diet, works incredibly well in a broad range of animals, increasing longevity and prolonging good health. These findings suggest that 

    the caloric restriction could delay aging and increase longevity in humans, too.‖) 

    30. YES (para 2, first 2 lines: ―Unfortunately, for maximum benefit, people would probably 

    have to reduce their caloric intake by roughly thirty percent, equivalent to dropping 

    2.500 calories a day to 1,750.‖) 

    31. NOT GIVEN 

    32. YES (para 3, line 2-3: ―effects on the body. Scientists first recognized the value of the 

    practice more than 60 years ago. when they found that rats fed a low-calorie diet lived 

    longer on average than free-feeding rats.‖) 

    Question33-37:

     

    33. A (para 5, first 4 lines: ―The caloric-restricted animals also look better on indicators of 

    risk for age-related diseases. For example, they have lower blood pssure and triglyceride levels (signifying a decreases likelihood of heart disease), and they have more normal blood glucose levels (pointing to a reduced risk for diabetic, which is 

    marked by unusually high blood glucose levels)‖) 

    34. B (para 5, line 5-6: ―recently been shown that rhesus monkeys kept on caloric-

    diets for an extended time (nearly 15 years) have less chronic disease‖) 

    35. C 

    36. A (para 5, first 4 lines: ―The caloric-restricted animals also look better on indicators 

    risk for age-related diseases. For example, they have lower blood pssure 

    triglyceride levels (signifying a decreases likelihood of heart disease), and they 

    more normal blood glucose levels (pointing to a reduced risk for diabetic, which 

    marked by unusually high blood glucose levels)‖) 

    37. B (para 4: ―The monkey projects demonstrate that compared with control animals 

    eat normally, caloric-restricted monkeys have lower body temperatures and levels of the pancreatic hormone insulin, and they retain more youthful levels of certain hormones 

    tend to fall with age.‖) 

    Question 38-40:

    38. ‘glucose’ (para 7, line 2-3: ―powers many activities in the body. By limiting food intake 

    caloric restriction minimizes the amount of glucose entering cells and decreases 

    generation.‖) 

    39. ‘free radicals’ (para 7,line 7-8: ―One possibility relates to the ATP-making 

    emission of free radicals, which are thought to continue to aging and to such age-

    diseases as cancer by damaging cells‖) 

    40. “pservation’ (para 7, last 3 lines: ―damage. Another hypothesis suggests that 

    processing of glucose could indicate to cells that food is scarce (even if it isn’t) and induce them to shift into an anti-aging mode that emphasizes pservation of 

    organism over such ‗luxuries’ as growth and reproduction‖) 

    Choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D.Write the correct letter in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet.10 The writer refers to the film on the train in order to demonstrateThe simplicity of early filmsB the impact of early filmsC how short early films wereDhow imaginative early films were11In Tarkovsky’s opinion.t11e attract of the cinema is at itA aims to impss its audienceB tells stories better than booksC illustrates t11e passing of t meD describes familiar events12 When the cinema first began. people thought t11atAit would always tell toesBit s11ould be used in fairgroundsCits audiences were unappciativeDits future was uncertain13 what is the best title for the passage?A The rise of the cinema starB Cinema and novels comparedC The dominant of HollywoodD The power of the big screenQuestions 14-18Reading Passage 2 contains six Key Points.Choose the correct heading for Key Points TWO to SIX from the list of headings below.Write the correct number i-viii in boxes 14-18 on your answer sheet list of headings.i Ensure the reward system is fairii Match rewords lo inpidualsiii Ensure targets ore realisticallyiv Link rewords to achievementv Encourage managers to take more responsibilityvi Recognise changes in employees’ performance over time viiEstabishtargets and give feedbackviii Ensure employees are suited to their jobs14 Koy Point Two15 Koy Point Three16 Kay Point FoLir17 Key Point Five18 Key Point SixDo the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 2 Inboxes 19-24 on your answer sheet write:if t11e statement agrees with the claims the writerif the statement contradicts the claims of the writerif it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this19 A shrinking organization lends to lose its less-skilled employees rather than its more skilledemployees.20 It is easier to n1anoge a small business than a large business.21 High achievers are well suited to teamwork.22 Some employees can feel manipulated when asked to participate in goal-setting.23 The staff appraisal process should be designed by employees.24 Employees’ earnings should be disclosed to everyone within the organization.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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  • Reading 12 T1P1 – Cork (Nút Bần)
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    TÓM TẮT

    Bài đọc bao gồm:

    • 3 phần bài đọc (3 sections).
    • Tổng số câu hỏi: 40 câu (40 questions).
    • Thời lượng: 60 phút.
    • Không có thời gian bù giờ để chuyển đáp án vào ‘answer sheet’ như bài thi Listening.

    Bạn có thể ghi chú tùy thích lên bộ đề câu hỏi. Điểm số chỉ tính dựa trên đáp án cuối cùng của bạn trên tờ giấy nộp bài (answer sheet).

    CÁCH THỨC

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    Bước 03 – Nhập đáp án cuối cùng của bạn vào ‘Answer sheet’

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    Quay lại trang chính thi thử IELTS

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  • IELTS Reading: Cambridge 12 Test 5 Passage 1- Cork – solutions with explanations

    This post on IELTS Reading deals with the in-depth analysis of Cambridge 12 Test 5 Reading Passage 1. The passage is entitled ‘ Cork‘. I’ve provided all the solutions here with some detailed explanations. Please, get the book Cambridge IELTS series 12 when you read the post. It will surely help you to find out the answers from the passage.

    Title of Reading Passage 1: Cork

    Question 1-5 : TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN

    Note: This type of question maintains a sequence. So, if you find the answer to question 2 in the first few lines of Paragraph 2, look for the answer to question 1 in paragraph 1.

    Strategies to answer the questions: This post may help you to answer this type of question easily.

    http://www.ieltsdeal.com/2018/01/13/ielts-reading-a-smart-strategy-to-handle-yes-no-not-given/

    Now let’s look at the questions and explanations.

    Keywords for the question: thickest bark

    In paragraph 1 of the passage the author mentions, “Cork- the thick bark of the cork oak tree ( Quercus suber) – is a remarkable material.” Again, in paragraph 2, the author mentions, “Its bark grows up to 20cm in thickness.” In both these lines, the word THICK is available. But, in our question, the phrase is the thickest bark. Here, the word thickest is in superlative form of adjective, which means this tree has to be in the rank no. 1 as far as thickness is concerned. There is no such comparison in the passage and it means that our answer is not available in the passage.

    Keywords for the question: synthetic cork, same cellular structure, natural cork

    In paragraph 2 line 9-13, the author mentions the cellular structure of the bark of the cork oak “the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure – with about 40 million cells per cubic centimetre – that technology has never succeeded in replicating “.

    Here, there is a clear contradiction or disagreement between the question and the above-quoted text from the passage. The question says, scientists have developed or discovered or invented an artificial synthetic cork that matches the cellular structure of natural cork. But the words ” never succeeded in replicating” means that they have not been successful to make anything similar to the natural cork, with all of the same qualities.

    Here, the word replicate may create confusion as a new or unknown word, which means duplicate or same.

    Keywords for the question: inpidual, 25 years, the first and second harvest

    Take a close look at paragraph 4, which talks about the harvesting of an inpidual cork oak tree. The author says, “From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an inpidual tree”.

    * Approximately a decade = nearly 10 years. So, the gap is 10 years, not 25 years.

    * A gap = must be left……….. between

    Note: If there is only a numeric (number) difference between the question and the passage, the answer is always False. Here is a picture to explain question no. 3 in a better way.

    The word stripped is directly mentioned in paragraph 4 (Follow the order of the text from the pvious question). Here, in line 15 the author states, “If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold – or when the air is damp – the tree will be damaged”.

    This text agrees with the question, but in a reverse pattern. Here, the word “damp” is antonym for the word “dry”. So, the bark should not be stripped in damp atmospheric conditions; rather, it needs to be stripped in dry atmospheric conditions.

    Keywords for the question: only way, remove, by hand

    The answer is available in paragraph 5, where the author maintains, “No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers.”

    Since the author’s negative statement “no mechanical means has been invented” suggests that there is no mechanical technology available to remove the bark, it has to be done by hand (the hands of highly skilled workers).

    Question 6-13: NOTE-COMPLETION (One word only)

    Note: This type of question is nothing more than filling in the blanks. Read the title of the note, which is very important to have an idea about the questions and targeted paragraphs to find the answers.

    Keywords for the question: affect, bottle contents

    First, find the main keyword “bottle contents” and then scan the line carefully. The author states in paragraph 6, “Recent years have seen the end of the virtual monopoly of cork as the material for bottle stoppers, due to concerns about the effect it may have on the

    contents of the bottle…..The tiniest concentrations – as little as three or four parts to a trillion – can spoil the taste of the product contained in the bottle. The result has been a gradual yet steady move first towards plastic stoppers and, more recently, to aluminium screw caps.”

    Here, look at the synonymous links.

      Affect = spoil

      * Bottle contents = the product contained in the bottle

    Keywords for the question: produce

    Keywords for the question: use

    In the final sentence of paragraph 6, the author states, ” These substitutes are to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user”.

    These substitutes = aluminium screw caps

    Manufacture = produce,

    for the user = to use

    So, we can gather the meaning from here that they are to produce and more convenient for the user. However, the question requires ONE WORD ONLY, so the answers for question 7 and 8 have to be “cheaper” and “convenient”.

    So, the answers are:

    8. convenient

    Keywords for the question: suit, quality products

    We find some information about quality products in the sentence in paragraph 7 line 3: “Firstly, its(the cork bottle stopper) traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated”.

    Here, the phrase “in keeping with” means “suit”. So the answer is “traditional image”, but the answer requires only one word, so it has to be “image”. It is because you have to choose noun between noun and adjective.

    Keywords for the question: made from, material

    In the very following sentence, the author mentions “Secondly – and very importantly – cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty “.

    Recycling often is linked with the material. So the author is referring to its material here. The answer is

    “sustainable” and “recycled”

    Here, without difficulty = easily

    So, the answers are:

    11. recycled

    Keywords for the question: cork forests, aid

    Keywords for the question: cork forests, stop

    In paragraph 7 line 9-the end the author states about the cork forests – “Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biopersity, and pvent desertification in the regions where they are planted. So, given the current concerns about environmental issues, the future of this ancient material once again looks promising”.

    Here, support = aid

    Prevent = stop.

    So the answers are clearly “biopersity” and “desertification”

    So, the answers are:

    13. Desertification

    This is the end of the post.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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  • Cambridge IELTS 12 is the latest IELTS exam pparation. chúng tôi will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 12 reading test 5 with detail explanations.

    Passage 1: Cork

    Questions 1-5: Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

    1. The cork oak has the thickest bark of any living tree.

    Key words: thickest bark

    In paragraph 1 and paragraph 2, the author mentioned the thick bark of the cork oak tree as “a remarkable material” and “its bark grows up to 20 cm in thickness”. This information does not mean that it is “the thickest bark of any living tree”.

    In addition, in True/ False/ Not given tasks, the questions follow the order of the text, so if you are not sure about your answer, you can find the answer to question 2. It is in the second sentence of paragraph 2. Therefore, you just need to pay attention to the pvious parts. There is no statement showing any comparison between the cork oak’s bark with that of other living trees. We have no information about this statement.

    Answer: NOT GIVEN

    2. Scientists have developed a synthetic cork with the same cellular structure as natural cork.

    Key words: a synthetic cork, the same cellular structure, natural cork

    In paragraph 2, the writer mentioned the cellular structure of the bark of the coak oak “the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure – with about 40 million cells per cubic centimetre – that technology has never succeeded in replicating”. The technology can refer to the scientists here. The fact that they “never succeeded in replicating” means that they have not been able to make a copy of the natural cork, with all of the same qualities. So the answer is False.

    * Develop with the same structure = replicate

    Answer: FALSE

    3. Inpidual cork oak trees must be left for 25 years between the first and second harvest.

    Key words: inpidual, 25 years, the first and second harvest

    In paragraph 4, the author mentioned the harvesting of an inpidual cork oak tree. He/she wrote “From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an inpidual tree”. Therefore, the period of 25 years is the period from the planting to the first harvest, while the gap between the first and the second harvest is about 10 years (approximately a decade).

    * Between = gap

    * The first and second harvest = separate harvests

    Answer: FALSE

    4. Cork bark should be stripped in dry atmospheric conditions.

    Key words: stripped, dry atmospheric conditions​

    We need to find information about the cork bark being stripped. Following the order of the text, we can see in the paragraph 4, the author mentioned “If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold – or when the air is damp – the tree will be damaged”. Therefore, the bark should not be stripped in damp atmospheric conditions; however, in contrast, it should be stripped in dry atmospheric conditions. The answer is True.

    * The air = atmospheric conditions

    Answer: TRUE

    5. The only way to remove the bark from cork oak trees is by hand.

    Key words: only way, remove, by hand​

    In paragraph 5, the author claimed “No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers.” In this sentence, “stripping cork bark” means “remove the bark”. Since the author stated that “no mechanical means has been invented”, we can understand that they do not use any machines in removing the bark, so it has to be done by hand (the hands of highly skilled workers). The answer is True.

    Remove = strip

    By hand = done by workers, no mechanical means

    Answer: TRUE.

    Questions 6-13: Complete the notes below. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

    6. do not affect the chúng tôi the bottle contents

    In the last sentence of paragraph 6, “These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user”. “These substitutes” refer to “aluminium screw caps” and “Manufacture” refers to “produce”, while “for the user” means “to use”. So they are cheaper to produce and more convenient for the user. But thequestion requires “one word only”, so the answer for question 8 has to be “convenient”.

    • Produce = manufacture
    • To use = for the user

    Key words: suit, quality products

    We find information about quality products in this sentence: “Firstly, its(the cork bottle stopper) traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated”. “in keeping with” means “suit”. So the blank has to be “traditional image”, but the answer allows one word only, so it has to be “image”

    * Products = goods

    * In keeping with = suit

    Answer: image

    10. made from a … material

    Key words: made from, material

    11. easily

    In the next sentence, the write mentioned “Secondly – and very importantly – cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty”. Recycling often is associated with the material. So the author is referring to its material here. The answer is “sustainable” and “recycled”

    * Easily = without difficulty

    Answer: 10. Sustainable – 11. Recycled

    12. cork forests aid …; Key words: cork forests, aid

    13. cork forests stop … happening; Key words: cork forests, stop​

    The last sentence mentioned the cork forests – “Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biopersity, and pvent desertification in the regions where they are planted. So, given the current concerns about environmental issues, the future of this ancient material once again looks promising”. “Support” means “aid” and “pvent” is equal to “stop”. So the answers have to be “biopersity” and “desertification”

    aid = support

    stop = pvent

    Answer: 12. Biopersity – 13. Desertification.

    Passage 2: Collecting as a hobby

    Questions 14-21: Complete the sentences below. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

    14. The writer mentions collecting chúng tôi an example of collecting in order to make money.

    Key words: collecting, make money

    In the first sentence of paragraph 2, the author mentioned “There are the people who collect because they want to make money – this could be called an instrumental reason for collecting; that is, collecting as a means to an end.” With this statement, he/she refered to one purpose of collecting, that is making money. We will look for the next sentence to find out its example – “They’ll look for, say, antiques that they can buy cheaply and expect to be able to sell at a profit.” He/she used antiques as an example of one object that is able to be collected to make money. Therefore, the answer is “antiques”.

    Because = in order to

    Answer: antiques.

    15. Collectors may get a feeling of … from buying and selling items.

    Key words: collectors, feeling, buying and selling

    In paragraph 2, there is a sentence mentioning buying and selling items, that is: “But there may well be a psychological element, too – buying cheap and selling dear can give the collector a sense of triumph”. “A sense of” means “a feeling of”. So the answer is triumph.

    * A sense of = a feeling of

    Answer: triumph

    16. Collectors’ clubs provide opportunities to share

    Key words: collectors’ clubs, share

    In the first sentence of paragraph 3, the author mentioned “a group of collectors” – “attending meetings of a group of collectors and exchanging information on items.” We can consider these groups as “collectors’ clubs”. While attending those clubs, they can exchange information on items. But the question requires one word only, so we choose the most important word – “information”.

    * A group of = a club

    * Exchange = share

    Answer: information

    17. Collectors’ clubs chúng tôi people who have similar interests.

    Key words: Collectors’ clubs, similar interests.

    This question still mentions “collectors’ clubs” as in the question above, so we still pay attention to paragraph 3. In the second sentence, we see the phrase “like – minded people”. This phrase has the same meaning as “people who have similar interests”. And those clubs bring them into “contact” with other collectors, so the answer is “contact”. “Attending meetings” in clubs is one way in which collectors come into contact socially. (Note: you can make an adjective by a combination which is Adj + N + Ed, such as Grey-haired,

    one-eyed, strong-minded and kind-hearted).

    * Bring = offer

    * People who have similar interests = like – minded people.

    Answer: contact/meetings.

    18. Collecting sometimes involves a life-long … for a special item.

    Key words: collecting, life – long, special item.​

    Since the questions in IELTS Reading often follow the text’s order, we just need to look at the following sentences and find the similar words to the question we are doing. In the last sentence of paragraph 3, we can see another purpose of collecting – it is “the desire to find something special” (= special item). But the author does not mention something like “life-long”, so we have to continue reading to find the accurate answer. Fortunately, in the next sentence, the author writes “Some may spend their whole lives in a hunt for this” (“the whole lives = life – long”). We can understand that the writer wants to say “Collectors sometimes have a life-long desire/ spend their whole lives in a hunt for a special item.” The answer can be “desire” or “hunt”.

    * Whole lives = life- long

    Answer: hunt/desire

    19. Searching for something particular may pvent people from feeling their life is completely …

    Key words: searching, pvent, their life.

    In paragraph 4, the author writes “Some may spend their whole lives in a hunt for this (=the special item referred to in paragraph 3). Psychologically, this can give a purpose to a life that otherwise feels aimless .” “This” means “spend their whole lives in a hunt for a special item”. We can understand “a hunt” = “searching for”. The author claims if they are not searching for a special item, they will feel “aimless”. Therefore, the answer is “aimless”. Then, we are told, if the collector finds that special item, they may then “feel empty”, because the search has ended.

    * A hunt for = searching for

    Answer: aimless/empty

    20. Stamp collecting may be…because it provides facts about different countries.

    Key words: stamp collecting, facts, different countries.

    This question mentions “stamp collecting” as the main subject, so we have to find part of the passage which contains information about this type of collecting – paragraph 5. In this paragraph, the author writes “If you think about collecting postage stamps another potential reason for it – or, perhaps, a result of collecting – is its educational value. Stamp collecting opens a window to other countries, and to the plants, animals, or famous people shown on their stamps.” He/ she mentions the educational value of stamp collecting as it “opens a window to other countries” with things shown on their stamps. The answer is “educational”.

    Answer: educational

    21…tends to be mostly a male hobby.

    Key words: male hobby.

    We have to find the paragraph mentioning something related to “male”. In paragraph 7, the author mentions “trainspotting” as “a popular form of collecting, particularly among boys and men” (“In the past – and nowadays, too, though to a lesser extent – a popular form of collecting, particularly among boys and men, was trainspotting.”). The answer is “trainspotting”.

    – Boys and men = male

    Answer: trainspotting

    Questions 22-26: Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage?

    chúng tôi number of people buying dolls has grown over the centuries.

    Keywords: the number of, buying dolls, grown.

    We have to find every part of the text about “dolls”. The whole of paragraph 8 is about this topic. But it is about the things which interest doll collectors, but there is no information about the number of people buying dolls. Therefore, the answer is Not given. (Note: If you are not sure enough, you can try doing the next question. Since the questions are in order, if you find out the sentence for the answer of next question, then the following sentences will not have the answer for this question)

    Answer: Not given.

    23. Sixteenth century European dolls were normally made of wax and porcelain.

    Keywords: 16th century, made of, wax and porcelain.

    In the same paragraph about dolls: “Similarly, people who collect dolls may go beyond simply enlarging their collection, and develop an interest in the way that dolls are made, or the materials that are used. These have changed over the centuries from the wood that was standard in 16th century Europe, through the wax and porcelain of later centuries, to the plastics of today’s dolls.” Therefore, in 16th century, European dolls were often made of wood. And the wax and porcelain dolls were popular in later centuries, which means the 17th century and the ones after. The answer is False.

    Materials that are used = made of Answer: False.

    24. Arranging a stamp collection by the size of the stamps is less common than other methods.

    Keywords: arranging, by the size, less common.

    We have to pay attention to paragraph 9, which contains information about arranging a stamp collection. In this paragraph, the author only mentions the reason why some collectors like to arrange their collection and the types of arrangement. There is no reference to what kind of arrangement is more or less popular. Therefore, the answer is Not Given.

    Answer: Not given.

    25. Someone who collects unusual objects may want others to think he or she is also unusual.

    Keywords: unusual objects, think.

    In paragraph 10, the author claims “One reason, conscious or not, for what someone chooses to collect is to show the collector’s inpidualism”, and gives an example when someone collects something unexpected (which means unsual objects), they may be conveying their belief (which means they want others to think) that they are interesting as well. The answer is True.

    Unusual = unexpected

    Answer: True.

    26. Collecting gives a feeling that other hobbies are unlikely to inspire.

    Keywords: other hobbies, inspire

    In the last paragraph, there is a sentence that is “More than most other hobbies, collecting can be totally engrossing, and can give a strong sense of personal fulfillment.” This means collecting needs all your attention and makes you completely satisfied,while most other hobbies could not do the same (more than most other hobbies). The answer is True.

    • Give a sense = give a feeling
    • Inspire = fulfil

    Passage 3: What’s the purpose of gaining knowledge?

    Questions 27-32: Reading Passage 3 has six sections, A-F. Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below.

    27. Section A

    In section A, the author mentions the idea of the founding of a special institution, its possible majors and possible titles for a wide variety of courses. Therefore, we should pay attention to headings related to those contents – they are ii, vi and vii (headings about the title, there is no heading about the other contents). In section A, the author writes “But what would the founders of these two institutions have thought of a course called Arson for Profit’?”. The author adds: “I kid you not…” to explain that this course title is not a joke. We might not expect this course to exist, but it does exist. This is only one unexpected title, so it cannot be “vii” (different names) and the author does not mention anything related to its meanings, so it cannot be ii (with two meanings). The answer is vi.

    Answer: vi

    28. Section B

    Section B is about targeting students of the course because of the opening: “the course is intended for prospective arson investigators”. Then the author asks a question: “But wouldn’t this also be the perfect course for prospective arsonists to sign up for?” in order to point out the possibility of attracting the wrong kind of student. The course might attract students interested in starting fires, not fighting fires. Therefore, the answer is viii.

    Answer: viii.

    29. Section C

    Section C tells us about the author and his story about the title of the course. There are 2 remaining headings that could be related to a title – ii and vii. Since, in this section, the author only mentions one confusing title that could be understood by his students in two different ways, because of the the two meanings of ‘principles’, therefore the answer has to be “a course title with two meanings”. The answer is ii.

    Answer: ii

    30. Section D

    Section D is a very short paragraph. You can look at all the headings and cross out the ones you know are wrong for sure. For example, in section D the author does not mention any course or commitment, so the heading cannot be i – “Courses that require a high level of commitment”. Do the same with other headings, you can find out that only heading iv – “Applying a theory in an unexpected context” still remains. The theory referred to is the idea of the philospher Kant that any body of knowledge is principled. The author writes that this sounds “downright crazy in the light of the evidence”, which has the same meaning as “an unexpected context” when applied to an unethical practice like marketing. The answer is iv.

    Answer: iv.

    31. Section E

    èIn this section, the author mentions two terms in marketing, means and end, in conclusion, he supposes that “A field of knowledge or a professional endeavor is defined by both the means and the end; hence both deserve scrutiny”, which means that both terms are equally important. Therefore, the answer is “the equal importance of two key issues” (iii) “how to achieve X and what X is”.

    Answer: iii

    32. Section F

    In this section, the author gives the example of a doctor and a murderer. Both may learn the same body of knowledge, but they apply that knowledge for different purposes/ends. We give different names: we say that the doctor is practicing medicine and we say that the other is practicing murder. The author does not mention anything related to “a high level of commitment” (heading i) and “financial benefits” (heading v). Therefore, the most accurate heading for this section is “Different names for different outcomes” (vii). The doctor and the murderer use “identical knowledge to achieve their pergent ends”.

    Different = pergent

    Outcomes = ends

    Answer: vii.

    Question 33-36:Complete the summary below.Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

    33. will become ….

    The first sentence of the second section states: “Naturally, the course is intended for prospective arson investigators”. We can see expectation = prospective, which means they are studying to be arson investigators in the future (arson as an adjective = specialising in arson – who specialize in arson). The answer is investigators.

    Expectation = prospective

    Answer: investigators.

    35. leading to successful … in the courts.

    * Effective = successful

    Answer: prosecution.

    Question 37 – 40: Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 3?

    37. It is difficult to attract students onto courses that do not focus on a career.

    If this statement is true, you have to find a sentence in the text expssing the same idea. If this statement is false, you have to point out what is wrong with it and find a sentence in the passage given to correct it. However, we cannot find any reference like that. In the passage, there is no sentence telling us about difficulties in attracting students onto such courses. Therefore, the answer is Not given.

    Answer: Not given.

    38. The ‘Arson for Profit’ course would be useful for people intending to set fire to buildings.

    Hence, “use the very same knowledge” means they can use what they have learned from this course (= this course would be useful for them). And “destructive, dangerous, reckless activity” can include “set fire to buildings.” Therefore, the answer is Yes.àIn section F, the author once again mentions the “Arson for Profit” course and writes: “As we have seen, someone could use the very same knowledge of means to achieve a much less noble end, such as personal profit via destructive, dangerous, reckless activity”. So

    Answer: Yes.

    39. Fire science courses are too academic to help people to be good at the job of firefighting.

    In section B, the author relates the knowledge learned on the course to its usefulness for students who want to become firefighters. They will be qualified to do the job in a professional and expert way: “programs in fire science: they are highly welcome as part of the increasing professionalization of this and many other occupations”. The courses will help students. To be good at the job of = professionalization Therefore, the answer is No.

    Answer: No.

    40. The writer’s fire science students provided a detailed definition of the purpose of their studies.

    In section F, the author asks the students about purpose of the course, “When I ask fire science students to articulate the end, or purpose, of their field, they eventually generalize to something like, ‘The safety and welfare of society,’ which seems right.” They only “generalize”, which means “to make a general statement or form a general opinion”. Their opinion is only general, not detailed or particularly clear. Therefore, the answer is No. Provide a detailed definition of = to articulate

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