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1 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key Unit 1 1. I would like to stay in the Ice Hotel. I think it is The Ice Hotel a unique place. 2. The most unusual place that I have heard of Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) is this Ice Hotel. 1. It is winter in the photo. I know that because I 3. An interesting place I have visited is Bangkok can see a lot of ice. in Thailand. I saw many amazing palaces and 2. I think this hotel must be in a cold place. temples there. 3. I think this hotel is special because it is made of ice. Grammar Are you into skiing? Vocabulary Preview Of course, all of these hotels are made of ice. 1. c 2. f 3. b 4. e 5. d 6. a Vocabulary and Idiom Review Reading Comprehension 1. b 2. b 3. d 4. a 5. b 1. b 2. d 3. c 4. b 5. b 6. a 7. d 8. b 9. c 10. b Idiomatic Expressions 1. check in 2. am into 3. made (out) of Summary 1. unique 2. freezing 3. Surprisingly 4. fantastic 5. cozy Listening 1. d 2. d 3. b Discussion ( answers will vary). 1 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key 3.
2 The first sandwich was made with bread and Unit 2 meat. Food Firsts Discussion ( answers will vary). Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) 1. My favorite foods from other countries are 1. My favorite food is Cajun chicken salad. Tom Yang soup and fried noodles. Tom Yang 2. The most unusual food I have eaten is fried soup is from Thailand and fried noodles are from insects. Hong Kong. 3. I can cook many kinds of dishes, from 2. Some traditional foods from Canada are spaghetti to steak. barbequed salmon and steak. 3. One untrue story people believe is that Vocabulary Preview spaghetti was first made in Italy. In fact, noodles 1. f 2. c 3. b 4. a 5. e 6. d were first made in China. Reading Comprehension Grammar 1. d 2. b 3. a 4. d 5. b Cooks of wealthy English families during the time of Richard I were making curry dishes. Idiomatic Expressions The Persians were eating round, flat bread with 1. Dig in cheese in the 500s. 2. find out 3. catching on Vocabulary and Idiom Review 1. d 2. d 3.
3 C 4. a 5. d Summary 6. d 7. b 8. a 9. c 10. b 1. 1377 2. Wealthy 3. Created 4. 500s 5. Introduced 6. 1891. Listening 1. Mike found Janet surfing the Internet. 2. Lord Montagu was the Earl of Sandwich. 2 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key 1. Using the letters of the alphabet, the WMO. makes a list of names that includes both male and female names. Unit 3 2. The lists are made of names that start with Hurricane Who? different letters, but the lists do not include names beginning with the letters Q, U, X, Y, and Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) Z. 1. A hurricane is a big storm with high winds and 3. Asian countries name hurricanes using a list lots of rain. of words that includes flowers, animals, trees, 2. I think hurricanes usually occur along the and other similar things. coasts of continents. They always start out in the ocean. Listening 3. We usually get hurricanes in my country in the 1. [ ] True [ ] False spring and in the fall. There may be five or six 2. [ ] True [ ] False each season.
4 3. [ ] True [ ] False Vocabulary Preview Discussion ( answers will vary). 1. d 2. b 3. c 4. e 5. a 6. f 1. I think non-human names are better for cyclones. It’s more interesting that way. Reading Comprehension 2. I have never experienced a tropical cyclone. 1. c 2. c 3. c 4. d 5. b 3. Winter is the worst season in my country, and summer is the best season. Idiomatic Expressions 1. make up Grammar 2. keeps up with Tropical cyclones are called typhoons in Asia 3. keep an eye out for and hurricanes in North and South America. The World Meteorological Organization decides Summary what names will be used. (Possible answers ). Vocabulary and Idiom Review 3 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key 1. c 2. a 3. d 4. a 5. c 3. produces 4. shut down 6. c 7. a 8. b 9. a 10. b 5. butterflies Listening 1. c 2. b 3. d Unit 4 Discussion ( answers will vary). How Did Those Get in There? 1. The last time I was nervous was during a piano performance for a contest. My body Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) reacted to my nervousness by making me go to 1.
5 When I have to speak in front of my class, I the bathroom a lot before my performance. get very nervous. 2. To reduce stress, I read comic books or listen 2. My legs are affected by this feeling. They to music. become very weak and shaky. 3. Any situation where I have to do something or 3. Related to this feeling, I think of rabbits say something in front of a lot of people gives because they always seem nervous to me. me butterflies in my stomach. Vocabulary Preview Grammar 1. f 2. a 3. b 4. e 5. d 6. c Cortisol speeds up the way the stomach works, which makes these people feel sick. Reading Comprehension Stepping out onto the stage will also help those 1. c 2. c 3. b 4. c 5. a butterflies fly away. Idiomatic Expressions Vocabulary and Idiom Review 1. get rid of 1. d 2. c 3. a 4. a 5. b 2. play a role in 6. c 7. b 8. b 9. c 10. a 3. shut down Summary 1. respond 2. normal 4 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key Summary 1. position 2. wake up 3. still 4. antennae 5. respond to 6. loud Listening 1.
6 An interesting thing about the New Zealand weta is that it freezes every night. Unit 5 2. The man learned that the New Zealand weta A Bug’s Sleep is related to crickets. 3. The man found out about the New Zealand Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) weta in his biology class. 1. I don’t think insects sleep. They don’t have a big enough brain to need sleep. Discussion ( answers will vary). 2. Maybe an insect is very still and quiet if it 1. I think we need sleep to rest our brains and sleeps. bodies. 3. I usually need 7-8 hours of sleep. If I don’t get 2. One experiment could be to measure enough sleep, I get angry very easily. changes in the brain activity of insects. If their brain activity changes when they are still, maybe Vocabulary Preview they are sleeping. 1. a 2. c 3. d 4. e 5. f 6. b 3. I know that insects have no bones or lungs. Reading Comprehension Grammar 1. c 2. d 3. c 4. c 5. a Additionally, they don’t wake up easily when hearing noises or seeing light. Idiomatic Expressions However, they start to move around when louder 1.
7 Come out of noised are made. 2. moves around 3. For example Vocabulary and Idiom Review 1. c 2. a 3. b 4. d 5. c 5 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key 6. b 7. b 8. b 9. a 10. b Summary (Possible answers ). 1. Tiger won the World Golf Championships before he turned 25, setting the record as the youngest player to ever win all four championships. 2. Tiger wants to help others who can’t play golf because he was helped by so many people as a child. Unit 6 3. Tiger created the Tiger Woods Foundation so Tiger’s Tale that golf would be open to everyone. Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) Listening 1. Jack Nicklaus is a famous golfer. 1. [ ] True [ ] False 2. The special thing about Tiger Woods is that 2. [ ] True [ ] False he is very young, but successful. 3. [ ] True [ ] False 3. A role model is someone who I want to act like. Discussion ( answers will vary). 1. I don’t like to play golf. I think it is a little Vocabulary Preview boring. 1. a 2. b 3. e 4. c 5. f 6. d 2. I enjoy playing badminton or basketball.
8 3. If I had lots of money, I would give some to Reading Comprehension my family, give some to charity, and put the rest 1. b 2. c 3. a 4. c 5. c in the bank. Idiomatic Expressions Grammar 1. lend, a hand Tiger Woods started playing golf professionally 2. holds the record for in 1996. 3. looks up to Because many people helped Tiger as a child, he wants to lend a hand to others now. 6 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key 1. on a daily basis Vocabulary and Idiom Review 2. agree with 1. c 2. d 3. b 4. a 5. c 3. set up 6. d 7. d 8. b 9. b 10. a Summary 1. set up 2. reports 3. balanced 4. responsibility 5. agrees with Listening Unit 7 1. b 2. c 3. d Not the Normal News Discussion ( answers will vary). Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) 1. I usually read news reports online. 1. One thing in the news over the past few days 2. My favorite news magazine is News Today was the death of a famous singer in my country. because its articles are easy to read. 2. The information in this article was sad and a 3.
9 I know about a television program that only little scary because the singer died from a reports entertaining stories, mostly about the medical accident. lives of movie stars. 3. One funny story that I heard recently was about some research related to pets and how Grammar pets can control their owners. Newspapers always seem to report about the bad things happening in society. Vocabulary Preview HappyNews gets fan mail from its readers on a 1. f 2. a 3. c 4. d 5. e 6. b daily basis. Reading Comprehension Vocabulary and Idiom Review 1. b 2. c 3. a 4. d 5. a 1. a 2. b 3. d 4. b 5. a 6. c 7. c 8. c 9. b 10. b Idiomatic Expressions 7 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key Summary 1. finishes 2. start up 3. perfect 4. machine 5. give up 6. successfully Listening 1. The speaker says that the older brother flew in the Wright Flyer. 2. The distance that the Wright Flyer went was 51 meters. Unit 8 3. That is about the distance from the front of the The Wright Way to Fly plane to the back. Pre- Reading ( answers will vary) Discussion ( answers will vary).
10 1. I think that the Wright brothers made the first 1. Thomas Edison is also a famous inventor. airplane. They are famous because they flew. 2. My father enjoys making things. He likes to 2. The Wright brothers were from the US. make furniture. 3. I think they lived about 100 years ago. 3. I last flew in an airplane last summer. I visited my family in New Zealand. Vocabulary Preview 1. f 2. b 3. c 4. d 5. e 6. a Grammar Instead of sitting in class and Reading , they Reading Comprehension wanted to work and make things, like machines. 1. c 2. d 3. c 4. d 5. b Then the brothers decided to make their glider into a flying machine. Idiomatic Expressions 1. give up Vocabulary and Idiom Review 2. break down 1. b 2. a 3. c 4. a 5. a 3. start up 6. a 7. c 8. c 9. a 10. c 8 Reading Challenge 1 2nd Answer Key 1. got around 2. posing as 3. in the hands of Summary (Possible answers ). 1. Mitnick, who was sent to prison, decided to use his skills to set up a computer security firm. 2. Mitnick believes the biggest danger to security these days is the people using the programs.
( Update 2022) Cambridge Ielts 9 Reading Test 2 Answers
Cambridge IELTS 9 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. chúng tôi will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 9 reading test 2 with detail explanations.
CAMBRIDGE IELTS 9 READING TEST 2 ANSWERS
Passage 1: Children with auditory problems
1-6. Which section contains the following information?
1. An account of a national policy initiative.
Keywords: national policy initiative
In paragraph H, the writer states that “Objective 3 of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is to” Provide the Best Education for Disabled People‟ by improving education so that all children, youth learners and adult learners will have equal opportunities to learn and develop within their already existing school.” So, this is a national policy initiative for New Zealand.
– policy initiative=strategy
2. A description of a global team effort
Keywords: global team effort
– a global team= an international working party
3. A hypothesis as to one reason behind the growth in classroom noise.
Keywords: reason, the growth, classroom noise
In paragraph B, the writer indicates that “Education researchers Nelson and Soli have also suggested that recent trends in learning often involve collaborative interaction of multiple minds and tools as much as individual possession of information. This all amounts to heightened activity and noise levels, which have the potential to be particularly serious for children experiencing auditory function deficit.”
– growth in classroom noise=heightened noise levels
4. a demand for suitable world-wide regulations.
Keywords: worldwide regulations
In paragraph I, the writer argues that “It is imperative that the needs of these children are taken into account in the setting of appropriate international standards to be promulgated in future.”
– suitable = appropriate
– worldwide = international
5. a list of medical conditions which place some children more at risk from noise than others.
Keywords: medical conditions, more at risk
In paragraph D, the writer says that “While the detrimental effects of noise in classroom situations are not limited to children experiencing disability, those with a disability that affects their processing of speech and verbal communication could be extremely vulnerable. The auditory function deficits in question include hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), and attention deficit
– at risk=vulnerable
6. the estimated proportion of children in New Zealand with auditory problems.
Keywords: proportion, auditory problems
In paragraph A, the writer indicates that “The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss.”
– Auditory problems = hearing loss
Questions 7-10: Answer the questions below.
7. For what period of time has hearing loss in school children been studied in New Zealand?
Keywords: period of time
In paragraph A, “The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss.”
8. In addition to machinery noise, what other type of noise can upset children with autism?
Keywords: machinery, type of noise, autism
In paragraph E, the writer argues that “Autistic spectrum disorders often result in major difficulties in comprehending verbal information and speech processing. Those experiencing these disorders often find sounds such as crowd noise and the noise generated bymachinerypainful and distressing.”
– upset=find painful, distressing
9. What term is used to describe the hearing problems of schoolchildren which have not been diagnosed?
Keywords: term, hearing problems, not been diagnosed
At the end of paragraph G, “It is probable that many undiagnosed children exist in the education
system with „invisible‟ disabilities.”
– have not been diagnosed = undiagnosed
10. What part of the New Zealand Disability Strategy aims to give schoolchildren equal opportunities?
Keywords: New Zealand Disability Strategy, part, equal opportunities
In paragraph H, the writer says that “Objective 3 of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is to” Provide the Best Education for Disabled People‟ by improving education so that all children, youth learners and adult learners will have equal opportunities to learn and develop within their already existing school.”
Questions 11-12: Choose TWO letters, A-F.
11-12. Which TWO are mentioned by the writer of the passage?
A. current teaching methods
B. echoing corridors
C. cooling system
D. large class sizes
E loud-voiced teachers
F. playground games
In paragraph B, the writer argues that “Modern teaching practices, the organisation of desks in the classroom, poor classroom acoustics, and mechanical means of ventilation such as air- conditioning units all contribute to the number of children unable to comprehend the teacher’s voice.”
– current teaching methods = modern teaching practices
– cooling system = mechanical means of ventilation (such as air-conditioning)
Obviously, options B, D, E, and F are not given in the text.
Questions 13: Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
13.What is the writer’s overall purpose in writing this article?
A. to compare different methods of dealing with auditory problems
B. to provide solutions for overly noisy learning environments
C. to increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems
D. to promote New Zealand as a model for other countries to follow
At the beginning of the text, the writer argues that “Hearing impairment or other auditory function deficit in young children can have a major impact on their development of speech and communication, resulting in a detrimental effect on their ability to learn at school. This is likely to have major consequences for the individual and the population as a whole.” Then the writer details the situation of auditory function deficit in young children in New Zealand by discussing the reasons, consequences and solutions to this problem. Therefore, overall, the writer’s purpose is to “increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems”.
Options A, B, D do not represent the GENERAL purpose of the writer.
Passage 2: Venus in transit
14-17 Which paragraph contains the following information?
14. Examples of different ways in which the parallax principle has been applied
Keywords: examples, parallax principle
In paragraph F, the writer indicates that “Johann Franz Encke, Director of the Berlin Observatory, finally determined a value for the AU based on all these parallax measurements: 153,340,000 chúng tôi AU is a cosmic measuring rod, and the basis of how we scale the Universe today. The parallax principle can be extended to measure the distances to the stars.” So, the parallax principle has been applied to determine a value for the AU and to measure the distances to the stars.
15. a description of an event which prevented a transit observation.
Keywords: event, prevented transit observation
In paragraph D, the writer says that “He was thwarted by the fact that the British were besieging his observation site at Pondicherry in India. Fleeing on a French warship crossing the Indian Ocean, Le Gentil saw a wonderful transit – but the ship‟s pitching and rolling ruled out any attempt at making accurate observations.”
– prevented=ruled out any attempt at
16. a statement about potential future discoveries leading on from transit observations.
Keywords: future discoveries, transit observations.
In paragraph G, the writer indicates that “such transits have paved the way for what might prove to be one of the most vital breakthroughs in the cosmos – detecting Earth-sized planets orbiting other stars.”
– leading on from=paved the way for
17. a description of physical states connected with Venus which early astronomical instruments failed to overcome.
Keywords: instruments, physical states, Venus, failed
In paragraph E, the writer argues that “While the early transit timings were as precise as instruments would allow, the measurements were dogged by the „black drop‟ effect. When Venus begins to cross the Sun‟s disc, it looks smeared not circular – which makes it difficult to establish timings. The second problem is that Venus exhibits a halo of light when it is seen just outside the Sun‟s disc. While this showed astronomers that Venus was surrounded by a thick layer of gases refracting sunlight around it, both effects made it impossible to obtain accurate timings.”
– physical states= the ‘black drop’ effect, a halo of light
– failed to overcome=made it impossible
18-21: Match each statement with the correct person.
18. He calculated the distance of the Sun from the Earth based on observations of Venus with a fair degree of accuracy.
Keywords: distance, observations of Venus, accuracy
In paragraph F, the writer indicates that “Johann Franz Encke, Director of the Berlin Observatory, finally determined a value for the AUbased on all these parallax measurements: 153,340,000 km. Reasonably accurate for the time, that is quite close to today‟s value of 149,597,870 km.”
– the distance of the Sun from the Earth=the AU
– with a fair degree of accuracy=reasonably accurate
19. He understood that the distance of the Sun from the Earth could be worked out by comparing observations of a transit.
Keywords: distance, worked out bycomparing observations
In paragraph B, “He (Edmond Halley) realised that from different latitudes, the passage of the planet across the Sun‟s disc would appear to differ. By timing the transit from two widely-separated locations, teams of astronomers could calculate the parallax angle – the apparent difference in position of an astronomical body due to a difference in the observer’s position. Calculating this angle would allow astronomers to measure what was then the ultimate goal: the distance of the Earth from the Sun.”
– work out=calculate, measure
20. He realised that the time taken by a planet to go around the Sun depends on its distance from the Sun.
Keywords: time, around the Sun, distance from the Sun
In paragraph C, the writer argues that “Johannes Kepler, in the early 17th century, had shown that the distances of the planets from the Sungoverned their orbital speeds, which were easily measurable.”
– go around = orbit (orbital)
21. He witnessed a Venus transit but was unable to make any calculations.
Keywords: Venus transit, unable, calculations
In paragraph D, “Fleeing on a French warship crossing the Indian Ocean, Le Gentil saw a wonderful transit – but the ship’s pitching and rolling ruled out any attempt at making accurate observations”.
– unable=ruled out
– make any calculations=making accurate observations
Questions 22-26: Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2 ?
22. Halley observed one transit of the planet Venus.
Keywords: Halley, transit, Venus
In paragraph B, the writer indicates that “In November 1677, Halley observed a transit of the innermost planet, Mercury, from the desolate island of St Helena in the South Pacific…..Nevertheless, he accurately predicted that Venus would cross the face of the Sun in both 1761 and 1769 – though he didn‟t survive to see either”.
23. Le Gentil managed to observe a second Venus transit.
Keywords: managed, second Venus transit.
In paragraph D, the writer states that “Undaunted, he remained south of the equator ….before setting off to observe the next transit in the Philippines. Ironically, after traveling nearly 50,000 kilometers, his view was clouded out at the last moment, a very dispiriting experience. ” This means that Le Gentil did not succeed in observing a second Venus transit in the Philippines.
24. The shape of Venus appears distorted when it starts to pass in front of the Sun.
Keywords: shape, distorted, pass in front of the sun
In paragraph E, the writer says that “While the early transit timings were as precise as instruments would allow, the measurements were dogged by the ‘black drop’ effect. When Venus begins to cross the Sun’s disc, it looks smeared not circular.”
– pass in front of the Sun=cross the Sun‟s disc
– distorted=smeared not circular
25. Early astronomers suspected that the atmosphere on Venus was toxic.
Keywords: atmosphere on Venus, toxic
In this passage, Venus’s atmosphere is not mentioned by the writer, so it is not known whether it is toxic or not. Therefore, the statement is NOT GIVEN.
26. The parallax principle allows astronomers to work out how far away distant stars are from the Earth.
Keywords: parallax principle, how far, stars, Earth
In paragraph F, “The parallax principle can be extended to measure the distances to the stars. If we look at a star in January – when Earth is at one point in its orbit – it will seem to be in a different position from where it appears six month later. Knowing the width of Earth‟s orbit, the parallax shift lets astronomers calculate the distance.”
Passage 3: A neuroscientist reveals how to think differently
Questions 27-31: Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
27. Neuroeconomics is a field of study which seeks to
Keywords: Neuroeconomics, seeks to
In the first paragraph, the writer argues that “These discoveries have led to the field known as neuroeconomics which studies the brain’s secrets to success in an economic environment that demands innovation and being able to do things differently from competitors.” In other words, neuro economics is a field of study which seeks to understand how the brain is linked to achievement in competitive fields.
28. According to the writer, iconoclasts are distinctive because
Keywords: iconoclasts, distinctive
In paragraph 2, the writer says that “This definition implies that iconoclasts are different from other people, but more precisely, it is their brains that are different in three distinct ways: perception, fear response, and social intelligence.” So, iconoclasts are distinctive because their brains are different, in other words, their brains function differently.
29. According to the writer, the brain works efficiently because
Keywords: brain, efficiently
In paragraph 3, the writer indicates that “For example, when confronted with information streaming from the eyes, the brain will interpret this information in the quickest way possible. Thus it will draw on both past experience and any other source of information” So, the brain works efficiently because it relies on previous events.
– efficiently = in the quickest way
– relies on = draw on
– previous events=past experience
30. The writer says that perception is
At the end of paragraph 3, the writer says that “More than the physical reality of photons and sound waves, perception is a product of the brain.”
31. According to the writer, an iconoclastic thinker
Keywords: iconoclastic thinker
In paragraph 4, the writer says that “Iconoclasts, either because they were born that way or through learning, have found ways to work around the perceptual shortcuts that plague most people.” In other words, an iconoclast thinker can avoid cognitive traps.
Questions 32-37: Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage 3 ?
32. Exposure to different events forces the brain to think differently.
Keywords: different events, think differently
In paragraph 5, the writer says that “The best way to see things differently to other people is to bombard the brain with things it has never encountered before. Novelty releases the perceptual process from the chains of past experience and forces the brain to make new judgments.”
– different events = things it (the brain) has never encountered before = novelty
– think differently=make new judgments
33. Iconoclasts are unusually receptive to new experiences.
Keywords: receptive, new experiences
In paragraph 5, the writer says that “Successful iconoclasts have an extraordinary willingness to be exposed to what is fresh and different. Observation of iconoclasts shows that they embrace novelty while most people avoid things that are different.”
– are unusually receptive to = have an extraordinary willingness to be exposed to
– new experiences=what is fresh and different
34. Most people are too shy to try different things.
Keywords: too shy, different things
In this passage, the writer does not mention whether most people are too shy to try different things. He just says that “most people avoid things that are different” So, the statement is NOT GIVEN.
35. If you think in an iconoclastic way, you can easily overcome fear.
Keywords: think, iconoclastic, overcome fear.
In paragraph 6, the writer argues that “Fear is a major impediment to thinking like an iconoclast and stops the average person in his tracks.” This means that fear prevents people from thinking in an iconoclast way. So, the statement’s meaning is opposite to that in the text.
36. When concern about embarrassment matters less, other fears become irrelevant.
Keywords: embarrassment, less, fears, irrelevant
In paragraph 6, “fear of public ridicule” is mentioned. It we interpret this as “embarrassment”, still we are not told if other fears then become irrelevant. So, the statement is NOT GIVEN
37. Fear of public speaking is a psychological illness.
Keywords: fear, public speaking, a psychological illness
In paragraph 6, the writer indicates that “But fear of public speaking, which everyone must do from time to time, afflicts one-third of the population. This makes it too common to be considered a mental disorder. It is simply a common variant of human nature, one which iconoclasts do not let inhibit their reactions.” So, fear of public speaking is not a psychological illness, it is just a common variant of human nature.
– a psychological illness= a mental disorder
Questions 38-40: Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-E, below.
38. Thinking like a successful iconoclast is demanding because it
Keyword: successful, demanding
In paragraph 7, the writer argues that “to be successful iconoclasts, individuals must sell their ideas to other people. This is where social intelligence comes in…Perception is important in social cognition too…Understanding how perception becomes intertwined with social decision making shows why successful iconoclasts are so rare.” This means that thinking like a successful iconoclast is demanding because it requires both perceptual and social intelligence skills.
39. The concept of the social brain is useful to iconoclasts because it
Keywords: social brain, useful,
In paragraph 7, the writer indicates that “In the last decade there has been an explosion of knowledge about the social brain and how the brain works when groups coordinate decision making. Neuroscience has revealed which brain circuits are responsible for functions like understanding what other people think, empathy, fairness, and social identity. These brain regions play key roles in whether people convince others of their ideas.” So, the concept of the social brain is useful to iconoclasts because it focuses on how groups decide on an action.
– groups = circuits
– groups decide on an action=groups coordinate decision making
40. Iconoclasts are generally an asset because their way of thinking
Keywords: an asset, way of thinking
In the last paragraph, “Iconoclasts create new opportunities in every area from artistic expression to technology to business. They supply creativity and innovation not easily accomplished by committees. Iconoclasts face alienation and failure, but can also be an asset to any organisation.” So, iconoclasts are generally an asset because their way of thinking works in many fields, both artistic and scientific.
Cambridge IELTS 9 Self-study Pack (Student’s Book with Answers and Audio CDs (2)) Authentic Examination Papers from Cambridge ESOL
( Update 2022) Cambridge Ielts 12 Reading Test 5 Answers
Cambridge IELTS 12 is the latest IELTS exam preparation. chúng tôi will help you to answer all questions in cambridge ielts 12 reading test 5 with detail explanations.
Passage 1: Cork
Questions 1-5: Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
1. The cork oak has the thickest bark of any living tree.
Key words: thickest bark In paragraph 1 and paragraph 2, the author mentioned the thick bark of the cork oak tree as “a remarkable material” and “its bark grows up to 20 cm in thickness”. This information does not mean that it is “the thickest bark of any living tree”. In addition, in True/ False/ Not given tasks, the questions follow the order of the text, so if you are not sure about your answer, you can find the answer to question 2. It is in the second sentence of paragraph 2. Therefore, you just need to pay attention to the previous parts. There is no statement showing any comparison between the cork oak’s bark with that of other living trees. We have no information about this statement. Answer: NOT GIVEN
2. Scientists have developed a synthetic cork with the same cellular structure as natural cork.
Key words: a synthetic cork, the same cellular structure, natural cork
In paragraph 2, the writer mentioned the cellular structure of the bark of the coak oak “the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure – with about 40 million cells per cubic centimetre – that technology has never succeeded in replicating”. The technology can refer to the scientists here. The fact that they “never succeeded in replicating” means that they have not been able to make a copy of the natural cork, with all of the same qualities. So the answer is False. * Develop with the same structure = replicate Answer: FALSE
3. Individual cork oak trees must be left for 25 years between the first and second harvest.
Key words: individual, 25 years, the first and second harvest
In paragraph 4, the author mentioned the harvesting of an individual cork oak tree. He/she wrote “From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an individual tree”. Therefore, the period of 25 years is the period from the planting to the first harvest, while the gap between the first and the second harvest is about 10 years (approximately a decade). * Between = gap * The first and second harvest = separate harvestsAnswer: FALSE
4. Cork bark should be stripped in dry atmospheric conditions.
Key words: stripped, dry atmospheric conditions
We need to find information about the cork bark being stripped. Following the order of the text, we can see in the paragraph 4, the author mentioned “If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold – or when the air is damp – the tree will be damaged”. Therefore, the bark should not be stripped in damp atmospheric conditions; however, in contrast, it should be stripped in dry atmospheric conditions. The answer is True. * The air = atmospheric conditionsAnswer: TRUE
5. The only way to remove the bark from cork oak trees is by hand.
Key words: only way, remove, by hand
In paragraph 5, the author claimed “No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers.” In this sentence, “stripping cork bark” means “remove the bark”. Since the author stated that “no mechanical means has been invented”, we can understand that they do not use any machines in removing the bark, so it has to be done by hand (the hands of highly skilled workers). The answer is True.
Remove = strip
By hand = done by workers, no mechanical means Answer: TRUE.
Questions 6-13: Complete the notes below. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
6. do not affect the chúng tôi the bottle contents
In the last sentence of paragraph 6, “These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user”. “These substitutes” refer to “aluminium screw caps” and “Manufacture” refers to “produce”, while “for the user” means “to use”. So they are cheaper to produce and more convenient for the user. But thequestion requires “one word only”, so the answer for question 8 has to be “convenient”.
Produce = manufacture
To use = for the user
Key words: suit, quality products We find information about quality products in this sentence: “Firstly, its(the cork bottle stopper) traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated”. “in keeping with” means “suit”. So the blank has to be “traditional image”, but the answer allows one word only, so it has to be “image” * Products = goods * In keeping with = suit Answer: image
10. made from a … material
Key words: made from, material
11. easily …
In the next sentence, the write mentioned “Secondly – and very importantly – cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty”. Recycling often is associated with the material. So the author is referring to its material here. The answer is “sustainable” and “recycled” * Easily = without difficulty Answer: 10. Sustainable – 11. Recycled
12. cork forests aid …; Key words: cork forests, aid 13. cork forests stop … happening; Key words: cork forests, stop
The last sentence mentioned the cork forests – “Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted. So, given the current concerns about environmental issues, the future of this ancient material once again looks promising”. “Support” means “aid” and “prevent” is equal to “stop”. So the answers have to be “biodiversity” and “desertification” aid = support
stop = prevent Answer: 12. Biodiversity – 13. Desertification.
Passage 2: Collecting as a hobby
Questions 14-21: Complete the sentences below. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
14. The writer mentions collecting chúng tôi an example of collecting in order to make money.
Key words: collecting, make money In the first sentence of paragraph 2, the author mentioned “There are the people who collect because they want to make money – this could be called an instrumental reason for collecting; that is, collecting as a means to an end.” With this statement, he/she refered to one purpose of collecting, that is making money. We will look for the next sentence to find out its example – “They’ll look for, say, antiques that they can buy cheaply and expect to be able to sell at a profit.” He/she used antiques as an example of one object that is able to be collected to make money. Therefore, the answer is “antiques”.
Because = in order to Answer: antiques.
15. Collectors may get a feeling of … from buying and selling items.
Key words: collectors, feeling, buying and selling In paragraph 2, there is a sentence mentioning buying and selling items, that is: “But there may well be a psychological element, too – buying cheap and selling dear can give the collector a sense of triumph”. “A sense of” means “a feeling of”. So the answer is triumph. * A sense of = a feeling of Answer: triumph
16. Collectors’ clubs provide opportunities to share…
Key words: collectors’ clubs, share In the first sentence of paragraph 3, the author mentioned “a group of collectors” – “attending meetings of a group of collectors and exchanging information on items.” We can consider these groups as “collectors’ clubs”. While attending those clubs, they can exchange information on items. But the question requires one word only, so we choose the most important word – “information”. * A group of = a club * Exchange = share Answer: information
17. Collectors’ clubs chúng tôi people who have similar interests.
Key words: Collectors’ clubs, similar interests. This question still mentions “collectors’ clubs” as in the question above, so we still pay attention to paragraph 3. In the second sentence, we see the phrase “like – minded people”. This phrase has the same meaning as “people who have similar interests”. And those clubs bring them into “contact” with other collectors, so the answer is “contact”. “Attending meetings” in clubs is one way in which collectors come into contact socially. (Note: you can make an adjective by a combination which is Adj + N + Ed, such as Grey-haired, one-eyed, strong-minded and kind-hearted). * Bring = offer * People who have similar interests = like – minded people. Answer: contact/meetings.
18. Collecting sometimes involves a life-long … for a special item.
Key words: collecting, life – long, special item.
Since the questions in IELTS Reading often follow the text’s order, we just need to look at the following sentences and find the similar words to the question we are doing. In the last sentence of paragraph 3, we can see another purpose of collecting – it is “the desire to find something special” (= special item). But the author does not mention something like “life-long”, so we have to continue reading to find the accurate answer. Fortunately, in the next sentence, the author writes “Some may spend their whole lives in a hunt for this” (“the whole lives = life – long”). We can understand that the writer wants to say “Collectors sometimes have a life-long desire/ spend their whole lives in a hunt for a special item.” The answer can be “desire” or “hunt”. * Whole lives = life- longAnswer: hunt/desire
19. Searching for something particular may prevent people from feeling their life is completely …
Key words: searching, prevent, their life. In paragraph 4, the author writes “Some may spend their whole lives in a hunt for this (=the special item referred to in paragraph 3). Psychologically, this can give a purpose to a life that otherwise feels aimless .” “This” means “spend their whole lives in a hunt for a special item”. We can understand “a hunt” = “searching for”. The author claims if they are not searching for a special item, they will feel “aimless”. Therefore, the answer is “aimless”. Then, we are told, if the collector finds that special item, they may then “feel empty”, because the search has ended. * A hunt for = searching for Answer: aimless/empty
20. Stamp collecting may be…because it provides facts about different countries.
Key words: stamp collecting, facts, different countries.
This question mentions “stamp collecting” as the main subject, so we have to find part of the passage which contains information about this type of collecting – paragraph 5. In this paragraph, the author writes “If you think about collecting postage stamps another potential reason for it – or, perhaps, a result of collecting – is its educational value. Stamp collecting opens a window to other countries, and to the plants, animals, or famous people shown on their stamps.” He/ she mentions the educational value of stamp collecting as it “opens a window to other countries” with things shown on their stamps. The answer is “educational”.
21…tends to be mostly a male hobby.
Key words: male hobby.
We have to find the paragraph mentioning something related to “male”. In paragraph 7, the author mentions “trainspotting” as “a popular form of collecting, particularly among boys and men” (“In the past – and nowadays, too, though to a lesser extent – a popular form of collecting, particularly among boys and men, was trainspotting.”). The answer is “trainspotting”.
– Boys and men = male
Questions 22-26: Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage?
chúng tôi number of people buying dolls has grown over the centuries.
Keywords: the number of, buying dolls, grown.
We have to find every part of the text about “dolls”. The whole of paragraph 8 is about this topic. But it is about the things which interest doll collectors, but there is no information about the number of people buying dolls. Therefore, the answer is Not given. (Note: If you are not sure enough, you can try doing the next question. Since the questions are in order, if you find out the sentence for the answer of next question, then the following sentences will not have the answer for this question)
Answer: Not given.
23. Sixteenth century European dolls were normally made of wax and porcelain.
Keywords: 16th century, made of, wax and porcelain.
In the same paragraph about dolls: “Similarly, people who collect dolls may go beyond simply enlarging their collection, and develop an interest in the way that dolls are made, or the materials that are used. These have changed over the centuries from the wood that was standard in 16th century Europe, through the wax and porcelain of later centuries, to the plastics of today’s dolls.” Therefore, in 16th century, European dolls were often made of wood. And the wax and porcelain dolls were popular in later centuries, which means the 17th century and the ones after. The answer is False.
Materials that are used = made of Answer: False.
24. Arranging a stamp collection by the size of the stamps is less common than other methods.
Keywords: arranging, by the size, less common.
We have to pay attention to paragraph 9, which contains information about arranging a stamp collection. In this paragraph, the author only mentions the reason why some collectors like to arrange their collection and the types of arrangement. There is no reference to what kind of arrangement is more or less popular. Therefore, the answer is Not Given.
Answer: Not given.
25. Someone who collects unusual objects may want others to think he or she is also unusual.
Keywords: unusual objects, think.
In paragraph 10, the author claims “One reason, conscious or not, for what someone chooses to collect is to show the collector’s individualism”, and gives an example when someone collects something unexpected (which means unsual objects), they may be conveying their belief (which means they want others to think) that they are interesting as well. The answer is True.
Unusual = unexpected
26. Collecting gives a feeling that other hobbies are unlikely to inspire.
Keywords: other hobbies, inspire
In the last paragraph, there is a sentence that is “More than most other hobbies, collecting can be totally engrossing, and can give a strong sense of personal fulfillment.” This means collecting needs all your attention and makes you completely satisfied,while most other hobbies could not do the same (more than most other hobbies). The answer is True.
Give a sense = give a feeling
Inspire = fulfil
Passage 3: What’s the purpose of gaining knowledge?
Questions 27-32: Reading Passage 3 has six sections, A-F. Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below.
27. Section A
In section A, the author mentions the idea of the founding of a special institution, its possible majors and possible titles for a wide variety of courses. Therefore, we should pay attention to headings related to those contents – they are ii, vi and vii (headings about the title, there is no heading about the other contents). In section A, the author writes “But what would the founders of these two institutions have thought of a course called Arson for Profit’?”. The author adds: “I kid you not…” to explain that this course title is not a joke. We might not expect this course to exist, but it does exist. This is only one unexpected title, so it cannot be “vii” (different names) and the author does not mention anything related to its meanings, so it cannot be ii (with two meanings). The answer is vi.
28. Section B
Section B is about targeting students of the course because of the opening: “the course is intended for prospective arson investigators”. Then the author asks a question: “But wouldn’t this also be the perfect course for prospective arsonists to sign up for?” in order to point out the possibility of attracting the wrong kind of student. The course might attract students interested in starting fires, not fighting fires. Therefore, the answer is viii.
29. Section C
Section C tells us about the author and his story about the title of the course. There are 2 remaining headings that could be related to a title – ii and vii. Since, in this section, the author only mentions one confusing title that could be understood by his students in two different ways, because of the the two meanings of ‘principles’, therefore the answer has to be “a course title with two meanings”. The answer is ii.
30. Section D
Section D is a very short paragraph. You can look at all the headings and cross out the ones you know are wrong for sure. For example, in section D the author does not mention any course or commitment, so the heading cannot be i – “Courses that require a high level of commitment”. Do the same with other headings, you can find out that only heading iv – “Applying a theory in an unexpected context” still remains. The theory referred to is the idea of the philospher Kant that any body of knowledge is principled. The author writes that this sounds “downright crazy in the light of the evidence”, which has the same meaning as “an unexpected context” when applied to an unethical practice like marketing. The answer is iv.
31. Section E
èIn this section, the author mentions two terms in marketing, means and end, in conclusion, he supposes that “A field of knowledge or a professional endeavor is defined by both the means and the end; hence both deserve scrutiny”, which means that both terms are equally important. Therefore, the answer is “the equal importance of two key issues” (iii) “how to achieve X and what X is”.
32. Section F
In this section, the author gives the example of a doctor and a murderer. Both may learn the same body of knowledge, but they apply that knowledge for different purposes/ends. We give different names: we say that the doctor is practicing medicine and we say that the other is practicing murder. The author does not mention anything related to “a high level of commitment” (heading i) and “financial benefits” (heading v). Therefore, the most accurate heading for this section is “Different names for different outcomes” (vii). The doctor and the murderer use “identical knowledge to achieve their divergent ends”.
Different = divergent
Outcomes = ends
Question 33-36:Complete the summary below.Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
33. […] who are studying …
In the last sentence of the first section, the author writes: “Any undergraduates who have met the academic requirements can sign up for the course in our program in ‘ fire science ‘.” Therefore, students who can sign up for the course are undergraduates and ones who are studying “fire science”. The answer is “fire science” (the question requires no more than two words so this is acceptable).
Answer: fire science.
34. […] will become ….
The first sentence of the second section states: “Naturally, the course is intended for prospective arson investigators”. We can see expectation = prospective, which means they are studying to be arson investigators in the future (arson as an adjective = specialising in arson – who specialize in arson). The answer is investigators.
Expectation = prospective
35. […] find chúng tôi criminal intent
“The course will help them” means students can learn from the course, so we pay attention to this reference in section B: “who can learn all the tricks of the trade for detecting whether a fire was deliberately set, discovering who did it, and establishing a chain of evidence for effective prosecution in a court of law.” “A fire was deliberately set” can be considered as an example of criminal intent – the arsonist deliberately intended to start a fire. Then the course can help them to detect whether it is deliberate or not, who did it and find a chain of evidence. Therefore, the answer is “evidence”. Find = detect
36. […] leading to successful … in the courts.
* Effective = successful
Question 37 – 40: Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 3?
37. It is difficult to attract students onto courses that do not focus on a career.
If this statement is true, you have to find a sentence in the text expressing the same idea. If this statement is false, you have to point out what is wrong with it and find a sentence in the passage given to correct it. However, we cannot find any reference like that. In the passage, there is no sentence telling us about difficulties in attracting students onto such courses. Therefore, the answer is Not given.
Answer: Not given.
38. The ‘Arson for Profit’ course would be useful for people intending to set fire to buildings.
Hence, “use the very same knowledge” means they can use what they have learned from this course (= this course would be useful for them). And “destructive, dangerous, reckless activity” can include “set fire to buildings.” Therefore, the answer is Yes.àIn section F, the author once again mentions the “Arson for Profit” course and writes: “As we have seen, someone could use the very same knowledge of means to achieve a much less noble end, such as personal profit via destructive, dangerous, reckless activity”. So
39. Fire science courses are too academic to help people to be good at the job of firefighting.
In section B, the author relates the knowledge learned on the course to its usefulness for students who want to become firefighters. They will be qualified to do the job in a professional and expert way: “programs in fire science: they are highly welcome as part of the increasing professionalization of this and many other occupations”. The courses will help students. To be good at the job of = professionalization Therefore, the answer is No.
40. The writer’s fire science students provided a detailed definition of the purpose of their studies.
In section F, the author asks the students about purpose of the course, “When I ask fire science students to articulate the end, or purpose, of their field, they eventually generalize to something like, ‘The safety and welfare of society,’ which seems right.” They only “generalize”, which means “to make a general statement or form a general opinion”. Their opinion is only general, not detailed or particularly clear. Therefore, the answer is No. Provide a detailed definition of = to articulate
Cambridge IELTS 12 Academic Student’s Book with Answers with Audio Cambridge IELTS 12 General Training Student’s Book with Answers with Audio
Reading And Writing – Level 1 – Fall 2013
Syllabus of Level 1 – Reading and Writing Fall 2013 – Friday
WEEK 1 – 9/20
Part 1: Doing cloze 71. Do You Want It or Not? Charity (n): hội từ thiện Offer (v): tặng She called him up a week later: Cô ta gọi cho anh ta một tuần sau đó. For free: miễn phí Pick up (v): lấy
Part 2: Answer the questions 1. Bald Eagle 2. What is a Bank?
Writing Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 130 Exercise 131 Exercise 132
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 001
WEEK 2 – 9/27
Part 1: Reading the Bible: Announcement of the Birth of Jesus. Luke 1: 26-33
Part 2: Doing cloze 72. A Wheelchair
– Steal – stole – stolen (v): ăn cắp, đánh cắp – Wheelchair (n): xe lăn – Belong (v): thuộc về – Porch (n): cổng vòm, hành lang – Push (v): đẩy – Grab (v): chộp lấy
Part 3: Answer the questions 3. Money – Earn (v): kiếm tiền – Completing (adj): hoàn thành – household chores (n): công việc lặt vặt trong nhà – grade (n): điểm số – (v): chấm điểm – allowance (n): tiền trợ cấp, tiền tiêu vặt – come in many different forms: tồn tại ở nhiều hình thức khác nhau – specific value: giá trị riêng – trade items: trao đổi những món đồ – currency (n): tiền tệ – save (v): tiết kiệm – medical needs: dịch vụ y khoa – household items: đồ dùng trong nhà – such as: như là – turn the light on: mở đèn – air conditioning (n): máy điều hòa – heat (n): lò sưởi – cost money: tính tiền, tốn tiền
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 133 Exercise 134 Exercise 135
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 002
WEEK 3 – 10/04
Part 1: Reading the Bible Luke 17: 5-10 – Faith (n): Đức tin – To increase (v): gia tăng, tăng thêm – Mustard seed: hạt mù tạc – To uproot (v): nhổ lên, bật gốc – Servant (n): tôi tớ, đầy tớ – To plant (v): trồng cây – To plow (v): cày – To tend (v): chăn súc vật – Would rather: thích, muốn… hơn – S + would rather + not + V + O – Jim would rather go to class tomorrow than today: Jim thích tới lớp ngày mai hơn hôm nay. – Jim would rather not go to class tomorrow: Jim không thích tới lớp ngày mai. – Would he not rather say to him: Liệu ông chủ không muốn nói với anh ta… hơn? – Grateful (adj): biết ơn – To command (v): ra lệnh – Unprofitable (adj): không sinh lợi, chẳng ích lợi gì, vô dụng – To be obliged: bị bắt buộc…
Part 2: Doing cloze 73. Let Me Drive – The radio was on: radio đang bật – Accident (n): tai nạn – Happen (v): xảy ra – Freeway (n): đường cao tốc – Two people were dead: 2 người đã chết – Careful (adj): cẩn thận – Never be in a hurry (adj): đừng bao giờ vội vã – pay attention to: chú ý đến…
Part 3: Answer the questions 4. Hummingbirds – Hummingbird (n): chim ruồi – weigh less than even a penny: cân nặng thậm chí còn nhẹ hơn một đồng xu – at barely more than two inches long: chỉ dài hơn 2 inch – Unlike most birds: không giống như hầu hết các chú chim – iridescent (adj): óng ánh, ngũ sắc – feather (n): bộ lông (chim) – glitter (v): lấp lánh – dazzling (adj): sáng chói – … Mother Nature could dream up: … thiên nhiên có thể tạo ra – bill (n): mỏ chim – insert into (v): đưa vào trong, – fit (v): hợp, vừa – fly (v): bay – nectar (n): mật hoa – Hummingbirds are also unique among bird species: chim ruồi là loài duy nhất trong số những loài chim… – Attract (v): thu hút, hấp dẫn, lôi kéo – Feeder (n): thức ăn – Fill (v): chứa đầy
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 136 Exercise 137 Exercise 138
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 003
WEEK 4 – 10/11
Part 1: Reading the Bible Luke 17: 11-19 – Leper (n): người cùi – Journey (v, n): hành trình, chuyến đi – To stand at a distance: đừng ở đàng xa – To raise one’s voice: lên tiếng, cất tiếng – Priest (n): tư tế, linh mục – To be cleansed: được sạch – To heal (v): chữa lành – To glorify (v): chúc tụng – Foreigner (n): người nước ngoài, dân ngoại bang
Part 2: Doing cloze 74. Where’s My Money? – owe (v): nợ – borrow (v): mượn – pay Jack back: trả lại cho Jack
Part 3: Answer the questions 5. The Color Green – nature (n): thiên nhiên – grass (n): cỏ – leaf (n): một chiếc lá – leaves (plural noun): những chiếc lá – tree (n): cây lớn (cây thân gỗ) ≠ plant (n): thực vật, cây nhỏ – Frog (n): con ếch, nhái – grasshopper (n): châu chấu – Turtle (n): con rùa – mix (v): trộn lẫn – primary (adj): đầu tiên – secondary (adj): thứ hai – harm (v): làm hại, gây hại – movement to make products: hoạt động để tạo ra sản phẩm – Green products are often those made from recycled materials: sản phẩm xanh thường được làm ra từ vật liệu tái chế
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 139 Exercise 140 Exercise 141
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 004
WEEK 5 – 10/18
Part 1: Reading the Bible Luke 18: 1-8 – Widow (n): Bà goá – Persistent (adj): Cố chấp, kiên định, dai dẳng – Parable (n): dụ ngôn – To become weary: trở nên mỏi mệt – Judge (n): thẩm phán, quan toà – Neither feared God nor respected anyone: Chẳng sợ Thiên Chúa cũng không tôn trọng ai. – Human being = Human (n): con người – To render (v): Trả lại, dâng, nộp – A just decision: một phán quyết công bằng – Adversary (n): kẻ thù, đối phương – To keep + Ving – keep bothering: cứ quấy rầy – Dishonest (adj): bất lương – To pay attention to (v): chú ý tới – To secure (v): bảo vệ, che chở – Chosen ones: những người được tuyển chọn, kẻ được chọn – To call out to (v): kêu cầu
Part 2: Doing cloze 75. It’s Not the Money – The brothers don’t speak to each other: 2 anh em không nói chuyện với nhau – fight (v): đánh nhau ; (n): cuộc chiến, mâu thuẫn – Money can bring people together: tiền có thể đem mọi người lại gần nhau. – Money can tear people apart: Tiền có thể tách mọi người ra xa nhau. – tear (v): xé, làm rách – principle (n): nguyên tắc – truth (n): sự thật – work hard: làm việc chăm chỉ, tích cực – lie (v): nói dối
Part 3: Answer the questions 6. The United States – It is the third largest in the whole world: Nó lớn thứ ba trên toàn thế giới – It is located in a continent called North America: Nó nằm ở lục địa Bắc Mĩ – continent (n): lục địa – touch (v): gần, kề, sát bên, liền, giáp với – mountain (n): núi – wide (adj): rộng lớn – plain (n): đồng bằng – desert (n): sa mạc – hill (n): đồi – river (n): sông – lake (n): hồ – volcanoe (n): núi lửa – rainforest (n): rừng nhiệt đới – state (n): bang – not connected to the other states: không liên kết với những bang khác – chain of islands: quần đảo
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 142 Exercise 143 Exercise 144
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 005
WEEK 6 – 10/25
* Test 1
Reading the Bible Luke 18: 9-14 – Pharisee (n): người biệt phái – Tax Collector (n): người thu thuế – To be convinced of oneself: vững tin vào chính mình – Righteous (adj): công chính – Righteousness (n): sự công chính – The temple area (n): khu vực đền thờ – To take up one’s position: vào chỗ của mình – The rest of humanity (n): những người còn lại – Greedy (adj): tham lam – Adulterous (adj): ngoại tình – To fast (v): chay tịnh, ăn chay – To pay tithes: nộp thuế thập phân 1/10 – To raise one’s eyes to: ngước mắt lên – To beat one’s breast: đấm ngực – To be merciful to = to have mercy on… xin thương xót… – The latter: người sau – The former: người trước – To exalt (v): tự cao, nâng mình lên – To humble (n): khiêm tốn, hạ mình
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 145 Exercise 146
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 006
WEEK 7 – 11/01
Part 1: Reading the Bible Luke 19: 1-10 To intend (v): dự tính, dự định To name (v): đặt tên, gọi tên Chief (n): thủ lĩnh, trưởng Wealth (n): sự giàu có – Wealthy (adj): giàu có The crowd (n): đám đông – Crowded (adj): đông đúc To be short in stature: lùn, thấp Sycamore tree (n): cây sung In order: để To come down (v): xuống To grumble (v): cằn nhằn, càm ràm Behold: này đây, đây, chú ý Possession (n): tài sản, của cải To extort something from someone: lấy cái gì của ai Salvation (n): ơn cứu độ, sự cứu độ, ơn cứu rỗi Descendent (n) = offspring = children: con cháu The Son of Man: Con Người (chỉ Chúa Giêsu)
Part 2: Doing cloze 76. Meet Halfway – motel (n): khách sạn cạnh đường cho khách có ô tô. – clerk (n): thư ký văn phòng – vacant (adj): trống, rỗng – But the night is half over: nhưng đã quá nửa đêm – price (n): giá tiền – there is one condition: có một điều kiện – one-half: 1/2 , một nửa – hot and cold water faucet: vòi nước nóng lạnh – cable TV: truyền hình cáp – channel: kênh truyền hình
Part 3: Answer the questions 7. Redwood Trees – magnificent (adj): tráng lệ, nguy nga, lộng lẫy, rất đẹp – Redwood tree: cây gỗ đỏ – temperature: nhiệt độ – misty rains: mưa phùn – dense fog: sương mù dày đặc – allow (v): cho phép – grow (v): lớn lên, phát triển – The oldest of these trees can grow to over 300 feet tall: những cây già nhất có thể cao đến hơn 300 feet (feet là đơn vị đo độ dài của Anh ; 1 feet = 0, 3048 m) – rise – rose – risen (v): mọc lên – the Statue of Liberty: tượng Nữ thần tự do – preserve (v): giữ gìn, bảo tồn, duy trì – giant (adj): to lớn, khổng lồ – surrounding areas: những vùng lân cận, khu vực lân cận
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 147 Exercise 148 Exercise 149
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 007
WEEK 8 – 11/08
Part 1 : Reading the Bible Luke 20: 27-38 – Resurrection (n): sự sống lại – Sadducee (n): người Sa-đốc – To come forward (v): tiến về phía, tiến đến – To take a wife: lấy vợ – To raise up descendants: gần dựng dòng dõi – Childless (adj): không con – To marry a woman (man): cưới vợ, lấy chồng – Marriage (n): hôn nhân – The children of this age: con cái thế hệ này – To deem worthy (v): cho rằng, nghĩ rằng có giá trị – The coming age = the age to come: thế giới mai sau, đời sau – The dead: kẻ chết – The living: người sống – The children of God: con cái Thiên Chúa – The ones who will rise: những người sẽ sống lại – To make known (v): mặc khải – To be alive: còn sống – Scribe (n): luật sĩ – No longer dare to ask: không còn dám hỏi nữa
Part 2: Doing cloze 77. God Wants Good People – Heaven (n): thiên đàng, thiên đường – Leave (v): để lại, bỏ lại – Earth (n): trái đất – Devil (n): ma quỷ – next to (prep.): bên cạnh – fire (n): lửa – coal (n): than – heavy (adj): nặng, nặng nề – bucket (n): thùng, xô – The devil makes them carry heavy buckets of black coal: ma quỷ bắt họ mang những xô nặng đầy than đen. – pour (v): đổ vào – Then they refill the big buckets with more coal: sau đó họ lại chất đầy than vào những xô lớn – refill (v): làm đầy lại – rest (v): nghỉ ngơi
Part 3: Answer the questions 8. Penguins – Penguin (n): chim cánh cụt – Penguins are among the most popular of all birds: Chim cánh cụt là loài phổ biến nhất trong số các loài chim. – the South Pole: Nam cực – the North Pole: Bắc cực – the continent of Antarctica: châu Nam cực – wild (adj): hoang dã – There are many different kinds of penguins: có nhiều loại chim cánh cụt khác nhau – none of them can fly: không con nào có thể bay. – have to (v): phải (làm điều gì đó) – be able to (v): có thể, có khả năng – survive (v): tồn tại, sống – the Earth’s coldest and windiest conditions: điều kiện gió mạnh nhất và lạnh nhất trên trái đất. – thick layers of fat to protect them from the bitter cold: lớp mỡ dày để bảo vệ chúng khỏi cái lạnh buốt giá – habitat (n): môi trường sống – watch out (v): đề phòng, cảnh giác – predator (n): động vật ăn thịt – Even in their freezing cold habitats, penguins still have to watch out for predators such as killer whales and seals: ngay cả trong môi trường sống băng giá, chim cánh cụt vẫn phải cảnh giác với những động vật ăn thịt như cá voi và hải cẩu.
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 150 Exercise 151 Exercise 152
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 008
WEEK 9 – 11/15
Part 1: Reading the Bible Luke 21: 5-19 Destruction of the temple: sự sụp đổ của đền thờ Foretold (n): lời tiên báo To be adorned with… được trang hoàng bằng Costly stones and votive offerings: đá đắt tiền và lễ vật quý A stone upon another stone: hòn đá nào chồng lên hòn đá nào to be thrown down: bị tàn phá The sign of the end: dấu hiệu ngày sau cùng (ngày tận thế) To be about to happen: sẽ (sắp) xảy ra To be deceived: bị lừa dối To come in my name: đến nhân danh Ta Wars and insurrections: chiến tranh và loạn lạc (nổi dậy) To rise against…: nổi lên chống lại… Earthquake (n): động đất Famine (n): nạn đòi Plague (n): ôn dịch Persecution (n): sự bắt bớ To seize and persecute (v): hành hạ và bắt bớ To hand someone over to: bắt và giao nộp ai cho, nộp ai cho Synagogue (n): hội đường Because of my name: vì danh Ta, vì danh Thầy Your giving testimony (n): việc làm chứng của các con Wisdom (n): sự khôn ngoan Adversary (n): kẻ thù To be handed over by someone: bị bắt và giao nộp bởi ai đó To put someone to death: giết ai đó, làm cho ai đó phải chết By your perseverance you will secure your lives: vì sự bền đỗ, kiên tâm bền chí các con sẽ cứu được mạng sống.
Part 2: Doing cloze 78. Earthquake – Earthquake (n): động đất – Feel – felt – felt (v) : cảm thấy – Last (v): kéo dài – Second (n): giây – The whole house shook: cả căn nhà đều rung chuyển – Shake – shook – shaken (v): rung, lắc – Go (went) off: tắt – light (n): bóng điện, bóng đèn – Scared / scary (adj): sợ, hoảng sợ, khiếp sợ – It was as if a giant hand had shaken her house: dường như có một cánh tay khổng lồ đã rung chuyển căn nhà. – The lights came back on: đèn sáng trở lại – Damage (n): thiệt hại ; (v): gây thiệt hại – No one was hurt: không ai bị thương
Part 3: Answer the questions 9. Blue Whale – Whale (n): cá voi – Planet (n): hành tinh – Blue Whales are way larger than the largest dinosaur that ever lived: cá voi xanh lớn hơn loài khủng long lớn nhất đã từng sống. – Dinosaur (n): khủng long – longer than three school buses put together: dài hơn ba chiếc xe buýt cộng lại. – Huge (adj): to lớn, khổng lồ – Tiny (adj): nhỏ xíu, bé tí – Creatures (n): sinh vật – Shrimp (n): con tôm – filter the water out of plates in its mouth called baleen: nó lọc nước qua một tấm chắn trong miệng được gọi là tấm sừng hàm.
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 153 Exercise 154 Exercise 155
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 009
WEEK 10 – 11/22
Part 1: Reading the Bible Luke 23: 35-43 – The people (n): dân chúng – To stand by (v): đứng gần, đứng ngay bên – The ruler (n): nhà chức trách, người lãnh đạo, – To sneer at him (v): cười nhạo ngài, phỉ bang ngài – The chosen one, the Messiah of God (n): Kẻ được tuyển chọn, Đấng Mêsia của TC – To jeer at him (v): chế diễu – Inscription (n): câu viết, câu khắc – Criminal (n): tên tội phạm – To rebuke someone (v): khiển trách ai đó – No fear of God (n): chẳng sợ TC – To be subject to (v): phải chịu, phải gánh lấy, phải theo – To condemn (v): kết án – condemnation (n): sự kết án – The sentence (n): việc kết án – To receive corresponds to…: nhận xứng với… – Paradise (n): Heaven, the world to come, everlasting life… Thiên đàng, sự sống đời sau, sự sống đời đời
Part 2: Doing cloze 79. A Patient Mom – Far away: cách xa – Miss (v): nhớ – Waitress (n): nữ phục vụ, bồi bàn nữ ; waiter (n): bồi bàn nam – Grandson (n): cháu trai – Granddaughter (n): cháu gái – She wanted May to bring her children back to China: bà ta muốn May đưa những đứa con của May trở về Trung Quốc. – Be patient: hãy kiên nhẫn – Hurry up: nhanh lên
Part 3: Answer the questions 10. American Revolution – Battle (n): trận đánh, cuộc chiến – the American Revolution (n): cuộc cách mạng Mỹ – occur (v): xảy ra, xảy đến – colonist (n): thực dân – The American colonists were very angry about numerous taxes issued by the British king: thực dân Mỹ rất giận về việc đóng thuế nhiều cho quốc vương Anh. – Issue (v): đưa ra – the Declaration of Independence (n): bản Tuyên ngôn độc lập – outline (n): dàn ý – intention (n): ý định, mục đích – separate from (v): tách rời, tách biệt khỏi – maintain (v): duy trì – control (v): điều khiển, kiểm soát – vow (v): thề, nguyện – war (n): chiến tranh – last (v): kéo dài – The war lasted eight long years: chiến tranh kéo dài 8 năm. – win – won – won (v): chiến thắng – important (adj): quan trọng – such as: như là – hero (n): anh hùng – emerge (v): nổi lên, xuất hiện – surrender (v): đầu hàng – a new nation was born: một quốc gia mới được thành lập
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 156 Exercise 157 Exercise 158
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 010
WEEK 11 – 11/29
Part 1: Reading the Bible Matthew 24: 37-44 – For as it was …., so it will be…: Như đã xảy ra…thế nào, thì cũng sẽ … – Flood (n): lũ lụt, hồng thuỷ – Marrying and giving in marriage: cưới vợ và lấy chồng (gia đình gả con gái) – Ark (n): Tàu ông Nôe – To carry them all away: mang tất cả ra đi – To grind (v): xay, nghiến răng – Mill (n): cối xay – Stay awake! Hãy tỉnh thức – Be sure of this: Hãy biết chắc điều này là – To expect (v): mong đợi
Part 2: Doing cloze 80. He Will Work for Gas – gas station (n): trạm xăng dầu, cây xăng – owner (n): người chủ – count (v): đếm – Can you put gas in a car?: bạn có thể đổ xăng cho xe không? – “There is just one problem,”: có một vấn đề – “I cannot pay you with money.”: tôi không thể trả lương cho anh bằng tiền – Pay (v): trả tiền, trả lương, thanh toán – Gasoline = gas = petrol (n): xăng dầu – It’s a deal: đó là một thỏa thuận
Part 3: Answer the questions 11. Buffalo – Buffalo (n): con trâu – Herd (n): bầy, đàn (vật nuôi) – Roam (v): đi lang thang – Plain (n): đồng bằng – Essential (adj): cần thiết, thiết yếu, cốt yếu, chủ yếu – Society (n): xã hội – The great herds of buffalo that roamed the plains were essential for all parts of Sioux life and society: Những đàn trâu lớn đi lang thang các vùng đồng bằng là cần thiết cho tất cả các phần của cuộc sống và xã hội Sioux. – For most Sioux villages: đối với hầu hết các làng Sioux – Before the introduction of the horse: trước khi biết đến ngựa – Warrior (n): quân nhân, chiến sĩ, chiến binh – Hunt (v): săn bắt – By dressing up as wolves as: bằng cách mặc đồ giống như sói – Trick (v): đánh lừa – Cliff (n): vách đá – Ledge (n): bờ vực – They would also dress up in buffalo skins and make crying sounds like a baby buffalo: họ cũng mặc da trâu và làm những tiếng kêu khóc như những con trâu con. – Skin (n): da – Investigate (v): điều tra, dò la – Kill (v): giết chết – Spear (n): giáo mác – Arrow (n): mũi tên – Indians (n): người Ấn độ – Entire (adj): toàn bộ – following a kill: sau khi giết – Hide (n): da (thú) – Tepee (n): lều vải (của người da đỏ) – Moccasins (n): giày da đanh (của thổ dân Bắc-mỹ) – Robe (n): áo choàng – hair (n): lông – horn (n): sừng – Children fashioned sleds out of buffalo ribs: Trẻ con tạo mẫu xe trượt tuyết bằng xương trâu. – buffalo fat (n): mỡ trâu – glue (n): keo, hồ dán – buffalo meat (n): thịt trâu – provide (v): cung cấp – collect (v): tập hợp lại, thu gom lại – dry (v): phơi khô – pound (v): giã, nghiền – pemmican (n): chà bông – sort of like modern-day beef jerky): giống như khô bò ngày nay
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 159 Exercise 160 Exercise 161
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 011
WEEK 12 – 12/06
* Test 2
Part 1 : Reading the Bible Mt 3: 1-12 – To preach (v): rao giảng, giảng dạy – To repent (v): sám hối – Repentance (n): sự sám hối – The kingdom of heaven: nước trời – To be at hand!: …gần đến – To cry out (v): hô lên, kêu lên – Camel’s hair (n): long lạc đà – Leather belt (n): dây thắt lưng bằng da – Locust (n): châu chấu – Wild honey (n): mật ong rừng – Whole region (n): toàn vùng – To baptize (v): rửa tội – Baptism (n): phép rửa tội – To acknowledge (v): thú nhận, nhận biết, thừa nhận – To produce good fruit = to bear good fruit: sinh trái tốt – To presume (v): cho là, coi như là – To raise up children: gầy dựng dòng dõi, gầy dựng con cháu – Ax (n): rìu – Winnowing fan (n): quạt rê lúa – Threshing floor (n): sân đập lúa – Barn (n): kho – Chaff (n): trấu – Unquenchable fire (n): lửa không hề tắt
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 162 Exercise 163 Exercise 164
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 012
WEEK 13 – 12/13
Part 1 : Reading the Bible Matthew 11: 2-11 – Messenger (n): thông điệp, sứ giả – John the Baptist: Gioan Tẩy Giả – To hear of (v): nghe về – The one who is to come: đấng sẽ đến – Blind (adj): mù; the blind: kẻ mù, người mù – Lame (adj): què; the lame: kẻ què, người què – Poor (adj): nghèo; the poor: kẻ nghèo, người nghèo – Dead (adj): chết; the dead: kẻ chết, người chết – To testify (v): làm chứng – Testimony (n): lời chứng – To go off (v): đi khỏi – Royal palace (n): hoàng cung – Prophet (n): ngôn sứ – To suffer (v): chịu đau khổ – Violence (n): bạo lực – Violent (adj): bạo lực; the violent: kẻ bạo quyền, bạo lực
Part 2: Christmas song
O come, all ye faithful, / Joyful and triumphant, O come ye, O come ye to Bethlehem; Come and behold him, / Born the King of angels;
O come, let us adore him, / O come, let us adore him, O Come, let us adore him, / Christ the Lord.
God of God, / Light of Light, Lo, he abhors not the Virgin’s womb; Very God, / Begotten, not created:
Sing, choirs of angels, / Sing in exultation, Sing, all ye citizens of heaven above; Glory to God / All glory in the highest
O come, all ye faithful, / Joyful and triumphant, O come ye, O come ye to Bethlehem; Come and behold him, / Born the King of angels
– Ye = you; Lo: kìa – Faithful (adj): trung thành; the faithful: Dân Chúa – Triumphant (adj): chiến thắng – To behold (v): chiêm ngắm – Bore born born (v): sinh ra – King of angels: Vua các thiên thần – To adore (v): thờ lạy – God of God: Thiên Chúa bởi Thiên Chúa – Light of light: Ánh sáng bởi Ánh sáng – To abhor (v): ghê tởm, chê bỏ – The Virgin’s womb: cung lòng Đức Trinh Nữ – Very God: Thiên Chúa thật – Beget begot begotten: sinh ra – Choir (n): ca đoàn – Choirs of angels: ca đoàn các thiên thần – Exultation (n): vui mừng, hân hoan – Citizens of heaven: các công dân nước trời – Glory to God: vinh danh Chúa
Bạn có thể vào chúng tôi để nghe bài này, có lời dịch trong phần lyrics phía dưới. Oh Come, All Ye Faithful
Part 3: Answer the questions The Mice in Council – Mouse (n): một con chuột – mice (n): nhiều con chuột – Council (n): hội nghị – Call a meeting: triệu tập cuộc họp – Plan (n): phương án, kế hoạch, dự định – Seem (v): có vẻ như, dường như – Hang – hung – hung (v): treo, mắc vào – Tie (v): buộc, cột
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 165 Exercise 166 Exercise 167
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 013
WEEK 14 – 12/20
Part 1 : Reading the Bible Matthew 1: 18-24 – To come about (v): diễn ra, xảy ra – To be betrothed to: đính hôn với – Since (conj): vì, vì chưng, vì lẽ rằng – To expose someone to shame: làm cho ai nhục nhã – To appear to someone: hiện ra với ai – To take Mary your wife: nhận Maria làm vợ – To conceive: cưu mang – To be conceived: được cưu mang – To name him Jesus: đặt tên Ngài là Giêsu – To take place (v): xảy ra, diễn ra – To fulfill (v): hoàn tất, làm trọn
Part 2: Christmas song (Ai giải nghĩa bài hát này được có thưởng) 12 days of Chirstmas – Mười hai ngày trong Mùa Giáng Sinh – The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth… twelfth: thứ nhất… mười hai – Christmas: Lễ Giáng Sinh, Mùa Giáng Sinh – True love: người yêu – 12 Drummers Drumming: 12 người đang đánh trống – 11 Pipers Piping: 11 nhạc công đang thổi tiêu – 10 Lords a Leaping: 10 vị lãnh chúa đang nhảy (lưng tưng) – 9 Ladies Dancing: 9 quý bà đang múa – 8 Maids a Milking: 8 cô đang vắt sữa – 7 Swans a Swimming: 7 con thiên nga đang bơi – 6 Geese a Laying: 6 con ngỗng đang đẻ trứng – 5 Golden Rings: 5 chiếc nhẫn vàng – 4 Calling Birds: 4 con chim cô ly – 3 French Hens: 3 con gà mái Pháp – 2 Turtle Doves: 2 con chim cu gáy – A Partridge in a Pear Tree: 1 con gà gô trên Cây Lê Vào link sau đây để nghe bài hát Twelve Days of Christmas
Part 3: Answer the questions A Special Christmas Present – Christmas present: món quà Giáng sinh – bank account: tài khoản ngân hàng – the shopping mall: trung tâm thương mại – perfect gift: món quà hoàn hảo – brooch (n): trâm (gài đầu); ghim hoa (gài cổ áo) – jewelry (n): trang sức – Wrap (v): gói lại, bao lại – Place (v): đặt, để – look forward: mong đợi, mong chờ – scream with fright: hét lên với sự sợ hãi
Part 1: Building sentences Exercise 168 Exercise 169 Exercise 170
Part 2: Sentence Transformation English Sentence Transformation – Basic Level Test 014
WEEK 15 – 12/27
Christmas – Relax – Study Review – and Pastoral works
WEEK 16 – 1/03
* Final Test
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