Xem Nhiều 2/2023 #️ Answers For Making Every Drop Count # Top 11 Trend | Phusongyeuthuong.org

Xem Nhiều 2/2023 # Answers For Making Every Drop Count # Top 11 Trend

Cập nhật thông tin chi tiết về Answers For Making Every Drop Count mới nhất trên website Phusongyeuthuong.org. Hy vọng nội dung bài viết sẽ đáp ứng được nhu cầu của bạn, chúng tôi sẽ thường xuyên cập nhật mới nội dung để bạn nhận được thông tin nhanh chóng và chính xác nhất.

Making Every Drop Count

A - A description of ancient water supplies

The history of human civilisation is entwined with the history of the ways we have learned to manipulate water resources. As towns gradually expanded, water was brought from increasingly remote sources, leading to sophisticated engineering efforts such as dams and aqueducts. At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.

B - How a global challenge was met

During the industrial revolution and population explosion of the 19th and 20th centuries, the demand for water rose dramatically. Unprecedented construction of tens of thousands of monumental engineering projects designed to control floods, protect clean water supplies, and provide water for irrigation and hydropower brought great benefits to hundreds of millions of people. Food production has kept pace with soaring populations mainly because of the expansion of artificial irrigation systems that make possible the growth of 40 % of the world’s food. Nearly one fifth of all the electricity generated worldwide is produced by turbines spun by the power of falling water.

C - The relevance to health

Yet there is a dark side to this picture: despite our progress, half of the world’s population still suffers, with water services inferior to those available to the ancient Greeks and Romans. As the United Nations report on access to water reiterated in November 2001, more than one billion people lack access to clean drinking water; some two and a half billion do not have adequate sanitation services. Preventable water-related diseases kill an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 children every day, and the latest evidence suggests that we are falling behind in efforts to solve these problems.

D - Environmental effects

The consequences of our water policies extend beyond jeopardising human health. Tens of millions of people have been forced to move from their homes – often with little warning or compensation – to make way for the reservoirs behind dams. More than 20 % of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered because dams and water withdrawals have destroyed the free-flowing river ecosystems where they thrive. Certain irrigation practices degrade soil quality and reduce agricultural productivity. Groundwater aquifers* are being pumped down faster than they are naturally replenished in parts of India, China, the USA and elsewhere. And disputes over shared water resources have led to violence and continue to raise local, national and even international tensions.

*underground stores of water

E - Scientists’ call for a revision of policy

At the outset of the new millennium, however, the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change. The focus is slowly shifting back to the provision of basic human and environmental needs as top priority – ensuring ‘some for all,’ instead of ‘more for some’. Some water experts are now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities, which is increasingly considered the option of last, not first, resort. This shift in philosophy has not been universally accepted, and it comes with strong opposition from some established water organisations. Nevertheless, it may be the only way to address successfully the pressing problems of providing everyone with clean water to drink, adequate water to grow food and a life free from preventable water-related illness.

F - A surprising downward trend in demand for water

Fortunately – and unexpectedly – the demand for water is not rising as rapidly as some predicted. As a result, the pressure to build new water infrastructures has diminished over the past two decades. Although population, industrial output and economic productivity have continued to soar in developed nations, the rate at which people withdraw water from aquifers, rivers and lakes has slowed. And in a few parts of the world, demand has actually fallen.

G - An explanation for reduced water use

What explains this remarkable turn of events? Two factors: people have figured out how to use water more efficiently, and communities are rethinking their priorities for water use. Throughout the first three-quarters of the 20th century, the quantity of freshwater consumed per person doubled on average; in the USA, water withdrawals increased tenfold while the population quadrupled. But since 1980, the amount of water consumed per person has actually decreased, thanks to a range of new technologies that help to conserve water in homes and industry. In 1965, for instance, Japan used approximately 13 million gallons* of water to produce $1 million of commercial output; by 1989 this had dropped to 3.5 million gallons (even accounting for inflation) – almost a quadrupling of water productivity. In the USA, water withdrawals have fallen by more than 20 % from their peak in 1980.

H - The need to raise standards

On the other hand, dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria and to a smaller budget.

* 1 gallon: 4.546 litres

: Making Every Drop Count

A The history of human civilisation is entwined with the history of the ways we have learned to manipulate water resources.Lịch sử của nền văn minh nhân loại đi liền với lịch sử của những cách thức kiểm soát nguồn tài nguyên nước mà chúng ta đã học được. As towns gradually expanded, water was brought from increasingly remote sources, leading to sophisticated engineering efforts such as dams and aqueducts.Khi mà thành thị ngày càng mở rộng ra thì nguồn nước cũng được dẫn về từ những nguồn ở ngày một xa hơn, đưa tới nỗ lực thiết kế công trình phức tạp hơn như đập và hệ thống cống dẫn nước . At the height of the Roman Empire, nine major systems, with an innovative layout of pipes and well-built sewers, supplied the occupants of Rome with as much water per person as is provided in many parts of the industrial world today.Vào thời kỳ đỉnh cao của Đế chế La Mã, chín hệ thống lớn với sự bố trí đường ống một cách sáng tạo và hệ thống cống rãnh được xây dựng kiên cố đã cung cấp cho cư dân thành Rome lượng nước trung bình theo đầu người tương đương với nhiều khu vực trong thế giới công nghiệp ngày nay.

H On the other hand, dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met.Mặt khác, đập nước, hệ thống đường ống dẫn và các loại cơ sở hạ tầng khác sẽ vẫn phải được xây dựng, nhất là ở những quốc gia đang phát triển – nơi mà nhu cầu cơ bản của con người chưa được đáp ứng. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past.Nhưng, so với trước đây, dự án loại này phải được xây dựng với mức độ chi tiết cao hơn, có trách nhiệm nhiều hơn đối với cư dân địa phương và môi trường của họ. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria and to a smaller budget.Và ngay cả ở những vùng mà dự án mới dường như có chất lượng đảm bảo thì chúng ta cũng phải tìm ra cách đáp ứng nhu cầu với ít tài nguyên hơn, tôn trọng tiêu chuẩn sinh thái và hao tổn ít chi phí hơn. * 1 gallon: 4.546 litres

Cambridge Vocabulary For Ielts With Answers

Với cấu trúc được chọn lọc và thiết kế khoa học, quyển sách chính là tài liệu hữu ích giúp người học mở rộng vốn từ vựng cũng như hỗ trợ phát triển những kỹ năng cần thiết trong quá trình chinh phục IELTS.

Tổng quan về sách

Bao gồm tất cả các từ vựng cần thiết cho bài kiểm tra IELTS với thực hành bài kiểm tra của tất cả các bài.

Được thông báo bởi Cambridge International Corpus, bao gồm cả Cambridge Learner Corpus đảm bảo vốn từ vựng được trình bày trong ngữ cảnh chân thực và bao gồm các lỗi mà các sĩ tử luyện thi IELTS thường mắc phải.

Cảnh báo lỗi phổ biến của người học giúp sinh viên nhận thức và tránh mắc phải những lỗi phổ biến.

Kiểm tra tiến bộ thường xuyên cho phép sinh viên củng cố việc học và lập biểu đồ tiến bộ của họ.

Lời khuyên về cách tiếp cận các nhiệm vụ IELTS thực hành trong sách và cách học từ vựng là lý tưởng cho sinh viên tự học.

Danh sách từ trong phần phụ lục cung cấp một danh sách kiểm tra và tài nguyên sửa đổi hữu ích cho sinh viên.

Sử dụng sách Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS như thế nào cho hiệu quả?

Để đạt hiệu quả cao khi học sách, tốt nhất bạn nên đọc kỹ trước 5 chương phụ lục của sách. Các chương sách bổ sung này sẽ hướng dẫn chi tiết những bước giúp bạn học từ vựng đúng cách và nâng cao khả năng Nghe – Hiểu thông qua học từ vựng.

Song song đó bạn có thể tham gia vào các group học, hỏi giáo viên hoặc những bạn cùng ôn thi IELTS để nhận được sự giúp đỡ kịp thời. Làm đúng những bước này bạn đã đi 50% chặng đường ôn luyện. Phần còn lại sẽ phụ thuộc sự cố gắng và kiên trì của bản thân bạn. Hãy viết xuống cho bản thân mục tiêu học rõ ràng. Đặt ra mục tiêu một tuần phải hoàn thành được ít nhất 2 chương sách. Kiên trì và thực hiện đều đặn, bạn sẽ sớm gặt hái được nhiều thành quả rực rỡ từ quyển sách này.

Kết luận

Với cuốn sách Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS, những người đang có mong muốn cải thiện vốn từ vựng tiếng Anh học thuật sẽ tìm được cho mình những hướng dẫn học từ vựng chi tiết và đầy đủ.

Collins Listening For Ielts (Ebook &Amp; Audio) Answer Key

Listening for IELTS will prepare you for the IELTS Listening test whether you are taking the test for the first time, or re-sitting the test. It has been written for learners with band score 5-5.5 who are trying to achieve band score 6 or higher.

The structured approach, comprehensive answer key and model answers have been designed so that you can use the materials to study on your own. However, the book can also be used as a supplementary listening skills course for IELTS preparation classes. The book provides enough material for approximately 50 hours of classroom activity.

Contents :

Listening for IELTS is divided into 12 units. Each unit focuses on a topic area that you are likely to meet in the IELTS exam. This helps you to build up a bank of vocabulary and ideas related to a variety of topics.

Units 1-11 cover the key types of questions that you find in the IELTS Listening test. Every exercise is relevant to the test. The aims listed at the start of each unit specify the key skills, techniques and language covered in the unit. You work towards Unit 12, which provides a final practice IELTS Listening test.

Additionally, the book provides examination strategies telling you what to expect and how best to succeed in the test. The exam information is presented in clear, easy-to-read chunks. ‘Exam tips’ in each unit highlight essential exam techniques and can be rapidly reviewed at a glance.

Unit Structure :

Each of the first 11 units is divided into 3 parts.

Part 1 introduces vocabulary related to the topic. A range of exercises allows you to use the vocabulary – clearly and effectively – in a variety of contexts. These exercises also build awareness of the patterns in words and language items. The vocabulary is presented using Collins COBUILO dictionary definitions.

Part 2 provides step-by-step exercises and guidance on specific question types that appear in the test. Each unit covers one section from the test and focuses on three question types. Some explanations and examples show you how to approach each question type. Useful tips are highlighted to help you develop successful test-taking strategies.

Part 3 provides exam practice questions for the same section of the test that you did exercises for in Part 2. using the same question types. The format follows the actual exam. You can use this as a way of assessing your readiness for the actual exam.

A comprehensive answer key is provided for all sections of the book including notes on why certain answers are correct or incorrect. You will also find full audio scripts of all listening exercises at the back of the book. The answers are underlined in the audio scripts so you can see where the correct answers come in the audio.

Using the book for self-study :

If you are new to IELTS. we recommend that you work systematically through the 12 units to benefit from its progressive structure. If you are a more experienced learner, you can use the aims listed at the start of each unit to select the most useful exercises.

Ideally, you should begin each unit by working through the Part 1 vocabulary exercises. Try to answer the questions without looking at a dictionary to develop the skill of inferring the meaning of unfamiliar words from context. This is important because dictionaries cannot be used during the actual exam. Avoid writing the answers to vocabulary exercises directly into the book so that you can try the exercises again once you have completed the unit.

Work through Part 2 listening exercises from beginning to end. It is important to study the notes about each of the question types so that you become familiar with how to approach the different question types in the test. Doing this will also help you develop more general skills for listening. The strategies covered should be thoroughly mastered so that during the actual exam you are fully prepared for each section and can focus on ‘listening’. All learners, including those who are working on their own. should attempt the listening tasks as listening is a skill that can only be improved through extensive practice. At the same time, you should aim to become well-informed about a wide variety of subjects, not just those covered in the book. The IELTS Listening test can cover almost any topic considered to be within the grasp of a well-educated person. Listening regularly to English language news programmes and lectures can help with this. too.

Part 3 contains exam practice questions. After you have done the test, it is a good idea to spend some time reviewing why certain answers are the correct ones. For this reason, we suggest you approach this part in the following way.

First, do the test. Here, you focus on answering the questions correctly. You should try and complete Part 3 within the time limit set and listen only once, as this allows you to practice under exam conditions. Do not look at the audio script at the back of the book while doing the test. After you have finished listening, make sure the format and spelling of your answers are correct. Then, check your answers using the Answer key.

Then learn from the test. Here, you focus on understanding why certain answers are the correct answers. When you have checked your answers, you can listen again to try to hear any answers that you missed. Reading the audio script at the same time as listening to the recording will help you to develop your listening skills and identify answers. Remember that the answers are underlined in the audio scripts.

Unit 12 is a complete practice listening test. This unit should be done under exam conditions. You should answer all four sections consecutively and listen only once. Please also take into account the timings for the breaks within the sections. Normally, in the actual test, you would keep 10 minutes aside to transfer your answers. Please bear this in mind when doing Unit 12.

Buy from Amazon :

Buy Collins Listening For IELTS eBook from Amazon

Also check :

Bạn đang xem bài viết Answers For Making Every Drop Count trên website Phusongyeuthuong.org. Hy vọng những thông tin mà chúng tôi đã chia sẻ là hữu ích với bạn. Nếu nội dung hay, ý nghĩa bạn hãy chia sẻ với bạn bè của mình và luôn theo dõi, ủng hộ chúng tôi để cập nhật những thông tin mới nhất. Chúc bạn một ngày tốt lành!